Todd F. Glass

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Animals exposed to brief periods of moderate hypoxia (8% to 10% oxygen for 3 hours) are protected against cerebral and cardiac ischemia between 1 and 2 days later. This hypoxia preconditioning requires new RNA and protein synthesis. The mechanism of this hypoxia-induced tolerance correlates with the induction of the hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF), a(More)
Although the emergency physician often treats patients with multiple injuries, there are relatively few clinically relevant models that mimic these situations. To describe the changes after a hemorrhagic insult superimposed on traumatic brain injury (TBI), anesthetized and ventilated juvenile pigs were assigned to 35% hemorrhage (35H), TBI (via fluid(More)
BACKGROUND CT imaging of head-injured children has risks of radiation-induced malignancy. Our aim was to identify children at very low risk of clinically-important traumatic brain injuries (ciTBI) for whom CT might be unnecessary. METHODS We enrolled patients younger than 18 years presenting within 24 h of head trauma with Glasgow Coma Scale scores of(More)
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) involves alterations in neuronal physiology, often complicated by secondary hypoxic or hypotensive events. Excitotoxicity is an important process induced in both TBI and hypoxic or ischemic insults to the brain. We investigated two hypotheses: (1) excitotoxicity is more prominent following combined mechanical and hypoxic injury(More)
Carbon dioxide is perhaps the most potent available modulator of cerebrovascular tone and thus cerebral blood flow (CBF). These experiments evaluate the impact of induced hypercarbia on the matching of blood flow and metabolism in the injured brain. We explore the hypothesis that hypercarbia will restore the relationship of CBF to metabolic demand,(More)
In traumatic brain injury, the brain is subjected to mechanical shear and varying degrees of hypoxia/ischemia. To compare effects of stretch injury, hypoxia, and the combination of both insults on neurons, mixed neuronal and astrocytic cultures were established from day 17 fetal rat brains. On days 17-19 in vitro, cultures were subjected to stretch injury(More)
IMPORTANCE A history of loss of consciousness (LOC) is frequently a driving factor for computed tomography use in the emergency department evaluation of children with blunt head trauma. Computed tomography carries a nonnegligible risk for lethal radiation-induced malignancy. The Pediatric Emergency Care Applied Research Network (PECARN) derived 2(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Children and adolescents with minor blunt head trauma and isolated skull fractures are often admitted to the hospital. The objective of this study was to describe the injury circumstances and frequency of clinically important neurologic complications among children with minor blunt head trauma and isolated linear skull fractures. (More)