Todd C. Becker

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  • E John Wherry, Volker Teichgräber, +5 authors Rafi Ahmed
  • Nature immunology
  • 2003
Memory CD8 T cells can be divided into two subsets, central (T(CM)) and effector (T(EM)), but their lineage relationships and their ability to persist and confer protective immunity are not well understood. Our results show that T(CM) have a greater capacity than T(EM) to persist in vivo and are more efficient in mediating protective immunity because of(More)
The generation and efficient maintenance of antigen-specific memory T cells is essential for long-lasting immunological protection. In this study, we examined the role of interleukin (IL)-15 in the generation and maintenance of virus-specific memory CD8 T cells using mice deficient in either IL-15 or the IL-15 receptor alpha chain. Both cytokine- and(More)
A key cell type of the resident skin immune system is the dendritic cell (DC), which in normal skin is located in two distinct microanatomical compartments: Langerhans cells (LCs), mainly in the epidermis, and dermal DCs (DDCs), in the dermis. Here, the lineage of DDCs was investigated using monoclonal antibodies and immunohistology. We provide evidence(More)
Proliferative renewal of memory CD8 T cells is essential for maintaining long-term immunity. In this study, we examined the contributions that various tissue microenvironments make toward the homeostatic proliferation of Ag-specific memory CD8 T cells. We found that dividing memory T cells were present in both lymphoid and nonlymphoid tissues. However, the(More)
Nutrition is a critical but poorly understood determinant of immunity. There is abundant epidemiological evidence linking protein malnutrition to impaired vaccine efficacy and increased susceptibility to infections; yet, the role of dietary protein in immune memory homeostasis remains poorly understood. In this study, we show that protein-energy(More)
The generation and efficient maintenance of antigen specific memory T cells is essential for long-lasting immunological protection. Antigen specific memory CD8 T cells are known to be maintained via antigen-independent homeostatic proliferation. However, signals that drive memory T cell generation and/or influence the slow turnover of memory T cells are(More)
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