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In the central nervous system (CNS), the principal mediators of fast synaptic excitatory neurotransmission are L-glutamate-gated ion channels that are responsive to the glutamate agonist alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazole propionic acid (AMPA). In each member of a family of four abundant AMPA receptors, a small segment preceding the predicted fourth(More)
Functional glutamate receptor (GluRs) were transiently expressed in cultured mammalian cells from cloned complementary DNAs encoding GluR-A, -B, -C, or -D polypeptides. The steady-state current-voltage (I-V) relations of glutamate- and kainate-induced currents through homomeric channels fell into two classes: channels composed of either the GluR-A, -C, and(More)
Four cloned cDNAs encoding 900-amino acid putative glutamate receptors with approximately 70 percent sequence identity were isolated from a rat brain cDNA library. In situ hybridization revealed differential expression patterns of the cognate mRNAs throughout the brain. Functional expression of the cDNAs in cultured mammalian cells generated receptors(More)
The non-NMDA family of glutamate receptors comprises a growing number of structurally related subunits (GluR-A to -D or -1 to -4; GluR-5, -6; KA-1). GluR-A to -D appear to constitute the major AMPA receptor subtypes but the functional and pharmacological characteristics of the other subunits are unresolved. Using a mammalian expression system we demonstrate(More)
We examined the actions of cyclothiazide, aniracetam, and 1-(4-aminophenyl)-4-methyl-7,8-methylenedioxy-5H-2,3-benzodiazepine (GYKI-52466) on recombinant alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazole propionate (AMPA) and kainate receptors. Receptors expressed in Xenopus oocytes or human embryonic kidney 293 cells were characterized using voltage and(More)
The functional properties of recombinant gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) receptors expressed transiently in human embryonic kidney 293 cells were examined. Combinations of alpha 1 beta 2 gamma 2, alpha 3 beta 2 gamma 2, and alpha 1 alpha 3 beta 2 gamma 2 subunits were transiently expressed and the properties of the resulting receptors were studied with(More)
The properties of excitatory amino acid (EAA) receptors transplanted into Xenopus oocytes were investigated by voltage clamp 48 hr to 5 days after oocytes had been injected with mRNA isolated from rat brain. The application of EAA agonists to mRNA-injected cells, but not to uninjected or water-injected cells, produced several different inward currents, two(More)
GABA-gated chloride channels were expressed in human embryonic kidney cells following transfection of cDNAs encoding the alpha 1, beta 2, and gamma 2 subunits of the rat GABAA receptor (GABAR). Functional properties were determined using patch-clamp techniques in the whole-cell and outside-out configurations. Large whole-cell currents were observed in cells(More)
Expression of the NR-1 subunit in Xenopus oocytes produces channels that respond to glutamate and are blocked by competitive and noncompetitive antagonists of the N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor. Ionic conductances through these channels are increased by coexpression with NR-2 receptor subunits. We have characterized the pharmacological properties of(More)
The diversity of neuronal glutamate receptors continues to increase with the discovery of multiple subunits and subunit families. The significance of this potential receptor heterogeneity is unknown because pharmacological tools that could clearly distinguish between different structural isoforms have not yet been identified. A novel glutamate receptor(More)