Todd A. Naumann

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The multilayered plant immune system relies on rapid recognition of pathogen-associated molecular patterns followed by activation of defense-related genes, resulting in the reinforcement of plant cell walls and the production of antimicrobial compounds. To suppress plant defense, fungi secrete effectors, including a recently discovered Zn-metalloproteinase(More)
In this communication, we describe the use of specialized transposons (Tn5 derivatives) to create deletions in the Escherichia coli K-12 chromosome. These transposons are essentially rearranged composite transposons that have been assembled to promote the use of the internal transposon ends, resulting in intramolecular transposition events. Two similar(More)
Tn5 transposase (Tnp) is a 53.3-kDa protein that is encoded by and facilitates movement of transposon Tn5. Tnp monomers contain a single active site that is responsible for catalyzing a series of four DNA breaking/joining reactions at one transposon end. Based on primary sequence homology and protein structural information, we designed and constructed a(More)
Tn5 is a composite bacterial transposon that encodes a protein, transposase (Tnp), required for movement of the transposon. The initial step in the transposition pathway involves specific binding of Tnp to 19-bp end recognition sequences. Tn5 contains two different specific end sequences, termed outside end (OE) and inside end (IE). In Escherichia coli, IE(More)
Synaptic complexes in prokaryotic transposons occur when transposase monomers bind to each of two specific end-binding sequences and then associate to bring the proteins and the two ends of the transposon together. It is within this complex of proteins and DNA that identical catalytic reactions are carried out by transposase on each of the ends of the(More)
Phage display has demonstrated the utility of cyclic peptides as general protein ligands but cannot access proteins inside eukaryotic cells. Expanding a new chemical genetics tool, we describe the first expressed library of head-to-tail cyclic peptides in yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae). We applied the library to selections in a yeast model of(More)
5-Lipoxygenase of mouse macrophages and bone marrow-derived mast cells (BMMC) was investigated. Indirect immunocytofluorescence combined with confocal microscopy provided evidence for distinct intracellular expression patterns and trafficking of 5-lipoxygenase upon cellular activation. In resting BMMC, 5-lipoxygenase was found within the nucleus(More)
A high-throughput matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization-time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) assay is described for determination of chitolytic enzyme activity. The assay uses unmodified chitin oligosaccharide substrates and is readily achievable on a microliter scale (2μl of total volume containing 2μg of substrate and 1ng of protein). The(More)
Plant class IV chitinases have a small amino-terminal chitin-binding domain and a larger chitinase domain, and are involved in plant defence against fungal infection. Our previous work on the chitinases ChitA and ChitB from the model monocotyledon Zea mays showed that the chitin-binding domain is removed by secreted fungal proteases called fungalysins. In(More)