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Tn5 transposase (Tnp) is a 53.3-kDa protein that is encoded by and facilitates movement of transposon Tn5. Tnp monomers contain a single active site that is responsible for catalyzing a series of four DNA breaking/joining reactions at one transposon end. Based on primary sequence homology and protein structural information, we designed and constructed a(More)
Tn5 is a composite bacterial transposon that encodes a protein, transposase (Tnp), required for movement of the transposon. The initial step in the transposition pathway involves specific binding of Tnp to 19-bp end recognition sequences. Tn5 contains two different specific end sequences, termed outside end (OE) and inside end (IE). In Escherichia coli, IE(More)
Chitinase-modifying proteins (cmps) are proteases secreted by fungal pathogens that truncate the plant class IV chitinases ChitA and ChitB during maize ear rot. cmp activity has been characterized for Bipolaris zeicola and Stenocarpella maydis, but the identities of the proteases are not known. Here, we report that cmps are secreted by multiple species from(More)
Synaptic complexes in prokaryotic transposons occur when transposase monomers bind to each of two specific end-binding sequences and then associate to bring the proteins and the two ends of the transposon together. It is within this complex of proteins and DNA that identical catalytic reactions are carried out by transposase on each of the ends of the(More)
Stenocarpella maydis causes both dry-ear rot and stalk rot of maize. Maize inbred lines have varying levels of resistance to ear rot caused by S. maydis. The genetic basis of resistance appears to rely on multiple genetic factors, none of which are known. The commonly used stiff-stalk inbred line B73 has been shown to be strongly susceptible to ear rot(More)
5-Lipoxygenase of mouse macrophages and bone marrow-derived mast cells (BMMC) was investigated. Indirect immunocytofluorescence combined with confocal microscopy provided evidence for distinct intracellular expression patterns and trafficking of 5-lipoxygenase upon cellular activation. In resting BMMC, 5-lipoxygenase was found within the nucleus(More)
DNA transposition is an underlying process involved in the remodeling of genomes in all types of organisms. We analyze the multiple steps in cut-and-paste transposition using the bacterial transposon Tn5 as a model. This system is particularly illuminating because of the existence of structural, genetic, and biochemical information regarding the two(More)
In this communication, we describe the use of specialized transposons (Tn5 derivatives) to create deletions in the Escherichia coli K-12 chromosome. These transposons are essentially rearranged composite transposons that have been assembled to promote the use of the internal transposon ends, resulting in intramolecular transposition events. Two similar(More)
Phage display has demonstrated the utility of cyclic peptides as general protein ligands but cannot access proteins inside eukaryotic cells. Expanding a new chemical genetics tool, we describe the first expressed library of head-to-tail cyclic peptides in yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae). We applied the library to selections in a yeast model of(More)
A method to rapidly screen libraries of cyclic peptides in vivo for molecules with biological activity has been developed and used to isolate cyclic peptide inhibitors of the ClpXP protease. Fluorescence activated cell sorting was used in conjunction with a fluorescent reporter to isolate cyclic peptides that inhibit the proteolysis of tmRNA-tagged proteins(More)