Toby M. Enniss

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BACKGROUND Pulmonary contusion (PC) is a common injury associated with blunt chest trauma. Complications such as pneumonia and adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) occur in up to 50% of patients with PC. The ability to predict which PC patients are at increased risk of developing complications would be of tremendous clinical utility. In this study, we(More)
In some populations, intensive care unit (ICU) mobility has been shown to be safe and beneficial. We gathered data on 50 nonintubated surgical patients in a 10-bed surgical ICU (SICU) who met physiologic inclusion criteria beginning in May 2008 (A group). In January 2009, we began mandatory entry of computerized mobility orders as part of a standardized ICU(More)
BACKGROUND In an era of increasing demands to provide high-quality health care, surgeons need an accurate preoperative risk assessment tool to facilitate informed decision-making for themselves and their patients. Emergency laparotomy procedures have a high risk profile, but the currently available risk-assessment models for emergency laparotomy are either(More)
BACKGROUND Surgical repair of perforated gastroduodenal ulcers remains a common indication for emergent surgery. The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that the laparoscopic approach (LA) would be associated with reduced length of stay compared to the open approach. METHODS Patients with acute, perforated gastroduodenal ulcer were identified in(More)
BACKGROUND Clostridium difficile infection is the leading cause of nosocomial diarrhea in the United States; however, few patients will develop fulminant C. difficile-associated disease (CDAD), necessitating an urgent operative intervention. Mortality for patients who require operative intervention is very high, up to 80% in some series. Since there is no(More)
A 62-year-old male was admitted after being struck by a bus. He sustained a severe pelvic fracture, sigmoid colon injury, and both intraperitoneal and extraperitoneal bladder injury. He underwent initial successful bladder repair. However, at 7 days post-operatively he manifested a leak from the repair and urine was evident coming from the pins of his(More)
BACKGROUND Data from the trauma patient population suggests handsewn (HS) anastomoses are superior to stapled (ST). A recent retrospective study in emergency general surgery (EGS) patients had similar findings. The aim of the current study was to evaluate HS and ST anastomoses in EGS patients undergoing urgent/emergent operations. METHODS The study was(More)
BACKGROUND Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are commonly used analgesic and anti-inflammatory adjuncts. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug administration may potentially increase the risk of postoperative gastrointestinal anastomotic failure (AF). We aim to determine if perioperative NSAID utilization influences gastrointestinal AF in(More)
BACKGROUND Pancreatic or peripancreatic tissue necrosis confers substantial morbidity and mortality. New modalities have created a wide variation in approaches and timing of interventions for necrotizing pancreatitis. As acute care surgery evolves, its practitioners are increasingly being called upon to manage these complex patients. METHODS A systematic(More)