Toby E. Hughes

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PURPOSE The aim of this study was to determine, in a clinical setting, the effectiveness of the C-terminal cross-linking telopeptide test (CTX) test in the prevention and management of osteonecrosis of the jaws (ONJ) in patients taking bisphosphonates. PATIENTS AND METHODS A total of 348 patients underwent a fasted morning CTX test. Of these, 222 were(More)
Molecular studies indicate that epigenetic events are important in determining how the internal enamel epithelium folds during odontogenesis. Since this process of folding leads to the subsequent arrangement of cusps on molar teeth, we hypothesized that intercuspal distances of human molar teeth would display greater phenotypic variation but lower(More)
BACKGROUND Comparisons between monozygotic (MZ) co-twins have tended to focus on the similarities between their dentitions rather than differences. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of discordant expression for simple hypodontia and supernumerary teeth in MZ twin pairs and to explain how phenotypic differences might occur despite their(More)
Our understanding of tooth eruption in humans remains incomplete. We hypothesized that genetic factors contribute significantly to phenotypic variation in the emergence of primary incisors. We applied model-fitting to data from Australian twins to quantify contributions of genetic and environmental factors to variation in timing of the emergence of human(More)
Our studies of the teeth and faces of Australian twins commenced at the School of Dentistry, The University of Adelaide in the early 1980s. There are now over 900 pairs of twins enrolled in our continuing investigations, together with 1200 relatives. There are 3 main cohorts of participants. The first cohort comprises around 300 pairs of teenage twins for(More)
Chorion type is an important variable that can affect the prenatal environment of monozygotic (MZ) twin pairs, leading to differences in growth and development. In particular, vascular anastomoses between monochorionic (MC) MZ twin pairs can lead to an imbalance in nutrition between co-twins. One objective of this study was to determine whether maternal(More)
In this study, we quantified the extent of variation in different occlusal features of Australian children of European descent with complete primary dentitions, but no permanent teeth present in the mouth. The study group consisted of 412 individuals, aged between 3 and 7 years, including 70 monozygous (MZ) twin pairs, 68 same-sexed dizygous (DZ) twin(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate anatomical variations and abnormalities of cervical spine morphology in unoperated infants with cleft lip and palate. DESIGN Retrospective cross-sectional investigation of infants born with nonsyndromic cleft lip and palate using computed tomography scans acquired for investigation of a spectrum of clinical conditions. SETTING(More)
BACKGROUND Erosive tooth wear is a growing concern in clinical dentistry. Our aims were to assess the effect of Tooth Mousse (TM) in managing erosive dentine wear in vitro. METHODS Opposing enamel and dentine specimens from 36 third molar teeth were worn under a load of 100 N for 75 000 cycles in electromechanical tooth wear machines. In experiment 1, TM(More)
BACKGROUND Information on the timing and sequence of human tooth emergence is valuable when analysing human growth and development, predicting the age of individuals, and for understanding the effects of genetic and environmental influences on growth processes. This paper provides updated data on the timing and sequence of primary tooth emergence in(More)