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Cancers frequently arise as a result of an acquired genomic instability and the subsequent clonal evolution of neoplastic cells with variable patterns of genetic aberrations. Thus, the presence and behaviors of distinct clonal populations in each patient's tumor may underlie multiple clinical phenotypes in cancers. We applied DNA content-based flow sorting(More)
Phosphorothioate (P=S) antisense oligonucleotides (ASO) targeting the cell survival gene clusterin synergistically enhance castration- and chemotherapy-induced apoptosis in prostate cancer xenografts. This study compares efficacy, tissue half-lives, and toxicity of P=S clusterin ASO to third-generation backbone 2'-O-(2-methoxy)ethyl (2'MOE) ribose-modified(More)
Patients with advanced prostate cancer (PC) are usually treated with androgen withdrawal. While this therapy is initially effective, nearly all PCs become refractory to it. As hormone receptors play a crucial role in this process, we constructed a tissue microarray consisting of PC samples from 107 hormone-naïve (HN) and 101 castration-resistant (CR) PC(More)
BACKGROUND Renal cell cancer (RCC) is a chemoresistant disease with no active chemotherapeutic agent achieving objective response rates higher than 15%. Clusterin is a cell survival gene that increases in human renal tubular epithelial cells after various states of injury and disease. Downregulation of clusterin, using antisense oligonucleotides (ASO), has(More)
Accurate prognostic parameters in prostate biopsies are needed to better counsel individual patients with prostate cancer. We evaluated the prognostic impact of morphologic and immunohistochemical parameters in preoperative prostate cancer biopsies. A consecutive series of prostate biopsies of 279 men (72% with clinical stage T1c and 23% with T2) who(More)
Androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) is the main therapeutic option for advanced prostate cancer (PCa). After initial regression, most tumors develop into castration-resistant PCa (CRPC). Previously, we found the Mediator complex subunit MED15 to be overexpressed in CRPC and to correlate with clinical outcome. Therefore, we investigated whether MED15 is(More)
The objective of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic value of chromosomal analysis by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) for predicting recurrence of urothelial carcinoma (UC) after transurethral resection. One hundred and thirty-eight patients (median age 68.5 years) with a history of UC were eligible for this prospective study. FISH was(More)
Molecular markers reliably predicting failure or success of Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) in the treatment of nonmuscle-invasive urothelial bladder cancer (NMIBC) are lacking. The aim of our study was to evaluate the value of cytology and chromosomal aberrations detected by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) in predicting failure to BCG therapy.(More)
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES Progression of prostate cancer to androgen independence (AI) results in part from the upregulation of anti-apoptotic genes following androgen withdrawal, and androgen-independent disease remains the primary obstacle to improved survival. Testosterone-repressed prostate message-2 (TRPM-2) encodes the anti-apoptotic protein(More)
Almost 70% of urinary bladder neoplasms present as low-grade papillary noninvasive tumors (stage pTa). To determine which genomic alterations can occur in pTa tumors of different grades and to evaluate the prognostic significance of chromosomal imbalances, we analyzed 113 pTa tumors (40 grade 1, 55 grade 2, 18 grade 3) by comparative genomic hybridization.(More)