Tobias W. B. Ost

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Flavocytochrome P450 BM3 is a bacterial P450 system in which a fatty acid hydroxylase P450 is fused to a mammalian-like diflavin NADPH-P450 reductase in a single polypeptide. The enzyme is soluble (unlike mammalian P450 redox systems) and its fusion arrangement affords it the highest catalytic activity of any P450 mono-oxygenase. This article discusses the(More)
We report an alternative approach to transcriptome sequencing for the Illumina Genome Analyzer, in which the reverse transcription reaction takes place on the flowcell. No amplification is performed during the library preparation, so PCR biases and duplicates are avoided, and because the template is poly(A)+ RNA rather than cDNA, the resulting sequences are(More)
To uncover the function of and interplay between the mammalian cytosine modifications 5-methylcytosine (5mC) and 5-hydroxymethylcytosine (5hmC), new techniques and advances in current technology are needed. To this end, we have developed oxidative bisulfite sequencing (oxBS-seq), which can quantitatively locate 5mC and 5hmC marks at single-base resolution(More)
p450 RhF from Rhodococcus sp. NCIMB 9784 is the first example of a new class of cytochrome p450 in which electrons are supplied by a novel, FMN- and Fe/S-containing, reductase partner in a fused arrangement. We have previously cloned the gene encoding the enzyme and shown it to comprise an N-terminal p450 domain fused to a reductase domain that displays(More)
The cytochromes P-450 are an immensely important superfamily of heme-containing enzymes. They catalyze the monooxygenation of an enormous range of substrates. In bacteria, cytochromes P-450 are known to catalyze the hydroxylation of environmentally significant substrates such as camphor, phenolic compounds and many herbicides. In eukaryotes, these enzymes(More)
Mammalian NO synthases catalyze the monooxygenation of L-arginine (L-Arg) to N-hydroxyarginine (NOHA) and the subsequent monooxygenation of this to NO and citrulline. Both steps proceed via formation of an oxyferrous heme complex and may ultimately lead to a ferrous NO complex, from which NO must be released. Electrochemical reduction of NO-bound neuronal(More)
Bacillus megaterium P450 BM3 is a fatty acid hydroxylase with selectivity for long chain substrates (C(12)-C(20)). Binding or activity with substrates of chain length <C(12) has not been reported. Rational mutagenesis was used to re-design the enzyme to encourage binding of short chain fatty acids (C(4)-C(10)). We show that wild-type P450 BM3 has activity(More)
In the preceding paper in this issue [Ost, T. W. B., Miles, C. S., Munro, A. W., Murdoch, J., Reid, G. A., and Chapman, S. K. (2001) Biochemistry 40, 13421-13429], we have established that the primary role of the phylogenetically conserved phenylalanine in flavocytochrome P450 BM3 (F393) is to control the thermodynamic properties of the heme iron, so as to(More)
In flavocytochrome P450 BM3, there is a conserved phenylalanine residue at position 393 (Phe393), close to Cys400, the thiolate ligand to the heme. Substitution of Phe393 by Ala, His, Tyr, and Trp has allowed us to modulate the reduction potential of the heme, while retaining the structural integrity of the enzyme's active site. Substrate binding triggers(More)
The interaction of nitric oxide with cytochrome P450 BM3 from Bacillus megaterium has been analyzed by spectroscopic techniques and enzyme assays. Nitric oxide ligates tightly to the ferric heme iron, inducing large changes in each of the main visible bands of the heme and inhibiting the fatty acid hydroxylase function of the protein. However, the ferrous(More)