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BACKGROUND Ventricular arrhythmias (VAs) originating from the anterosuperior left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT) represent a challenging location for catheter ablation. This study investigates mapping and ablation of VA from anterosuperior LVOT via a transseptal approach. METHODS AND RESULTS This study included 27 patients with symptomatic VA, of which(More)
INTRODUCTION The second-generation cryoballoon (CB; Arctic Front Advance, Medtronic Inc., Minneapolis, MN, USA) has demonstrated greater procedural efficacy compared to the original CB. Whether increased efficacy translates into a higher incidence of phrenic nerve (PN) injury needs further evaluation. MATERIALS AND METHODS In patients with drug-refractory(More)
The functions of at least four potential regulatory genes are known to overlap temporally during elaboration of the multicellular asexual reproductive apparatus (conidiophore) of Aspergillus nidulans. One of these, the stuA (stunted) gene, has been previously classified as a morphological modifier essential for correct spatial organization of the(More)
BACKGROUND Repeated freezing (bonus applications) during cryoballoon pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) has been suggested to improve lesion durability. However, the long-term clinical effects of repeated freezing have not been investigated. METHODS AND RESULTS A total of 51 patients (pts) with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (AF) underwent PVI using the(More)
In addition to secondary prevention of sudden cardiac death (SCD), the number of cardioverter defibrillator implantations (ICD) for primary prevention is increasing. An indication for primary prevention of SCD is supported by results of the MADIT II, Companion and SCD-HeFT trials. The main risk factor for SCD is the reduced left ventricular function (LVEF <(More)
Therapy of sudden cardiac death is dominated by the implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD), which is highly efficient, but also has side effects. Therefore, the adequate selection of patients who could benefit from this therapy is crucial. For risk stratification, left ventricular ejection fraction is basically used. It has, however, neither a high(More)