Tobias Stahl

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The microtubule-associated protein tau regulates the dynamic stability of the neuronal cytoskeleton by interacting with microtubules. It is encoded by a single gene, but expressed in a variety of isoforms due to differential RNA splicing. Six isoforms can be found in the human central nervous system. These isoforms differ in their ability to promote the(More)
The two proteases beta-secretase and gamma-secretase generate the amyloid beta peptide and are drug targets for Alzheimer's disease. Here we tested the possibility of targeting the cellular environment of beta-secretase cleavage instead of the beta-secretase enzyme itself. beta-Secretase has an acidic pH optimum and cleaves the amyloid precursor protein in(More)
 Neuron-glia interactions in the Borna disease virus (BDV)-infected rat retina were investigated with emphasis on the ultrastructural characterization of degenerative alterations in the ganglion cell and photoreceptor layer. Immuno- and cytochemical techniques were applied to label microglia, macrophages and Müller (macroglial) cells. Four weeks after(More)
OBJECTIVE Beta-site amyloid precursor protein cleaving enzyme (BACE1) is highly expressed in pancreatic β-cells. The BACE1 gene is located in a region associated with a high diabetes risk in PIMA Indians. DESIGN AND METHODS INS-1E cells were used to study the impact of siRNA-mediated BACE1 knockdown and glucose metabolism was characterized in Bace1(-/-)(More)
Amyloid plaques, one of the neuropathological hallmarks of Alzheimer's disease, and their main constituent, the amyloid beta-peptide (Abeta), are triggers of the activation of innate inflammatory mechanisms involving the activation of microglia. To dissect the effects of a non-Abeta-specific microglial activation on the Abeta metabolism, we employed a viral(More)
Avian polyomavirus (APV) is the causative agent of an acute fatal disease in psittacine and some non-psittacine birds. In contrast to mammalian polyomaviruses, the APV genome encodes the additional capsid protein VP4 and its variant VP4Delta, truncated by an internal deletion. Both proteins induce apoptosis. Mutation of their common initiation codon(More)
Experimental transplantation of human umbilical cord blood (hUCB) mononuclear cells (MNCs) in rodent stroke models revealed the therapeutic potential of these cells. However, effective cells within the heterogeneous MNC population and their modes of action are still under discussion. MNCs and MNC fractions enriched (CD34(+)) or depleted (CD34(-)) for(More)
Retinae of Borna disease virus (BDV)-infected Lewis rats were investigated with emphasis on long-term changes in organotypic tissue organization and glia-neuron relationship. Virus inoculation was attained via intracerebral BDV injection. Following survival times ranging between two and eight months, the retinal thickness was reduced up to one third of that(More)
The beta-site APP-cleaving enzyme (BACE1) is a prerequisite for the generation of beta-amyloid peptides, which give rise to cerebrovascular and parenchymal beta-amyloid deposits in the brain of Alzheimer's disease patients. BACE1 is neuronally expressed in the brains of humans and experimental animals such as mice and rats. In addition, we have recently(More)
The pathophysiology of stroke is governed by immune reactions within and remote from the injured brain. Hypertension, a major cause and comorbidity of stroke, entails systemic vascular inflammation and may influence poststroke immune responses. This aspect is, however, underestimated in previous studies. Here we aimed to delineate the sequence of cellular(More)