Tobias Speicher

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UNLABELLED The nuclear factor erythroid-derived 2, like 2 (Nrf2) transcription factor is a key regulator of the antioxidant defense system, and pharmacological activation of Nrf2 is a promising strategy for prevention of toxin-induced liver damage. However, the consequences of Nrf2 activation on liver regeneration (LR) have not been determined. To address(More)
Cyanobacterial microcystins (MCs) represent a toxin group with > 100 variants, requiring active uptake into cells via organic anion-transporting polypeptides, in order to irreversibly inhibit serine/threonine-specific protein phosphatases. MCs are a human health hazard with repeated occurrences of severe poisonings. In the well-known human MC intoxication(More)
Fructose-induced hepatic ATP depletion prevents TNF-induced apoptosis, whereas it contrarily enhances CD95-induced hepatocyte apoptosis in vitro and in vivo. By contrast, transformed liver cells are not protected against TNF due to metabolic alterations, allowing selective tumor targeting. We analyzed the molecular mechanisms by which fructose modulates(More)
BACKGROUND Tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF) is able to kill cancer cells via receptor-mediated cell death requiring adenosine triphosphate (ATP). Clinical usage of TNF so far is largely limited by its profound hepatotoxicity. Recently, it was found in the murine system that specific protection of hepatocytes against TNF's detrimental effects can be(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Fibroblast growth factor receptor 4 (FGFR4) controls bile acid metabolism and protects the liver from fibrosis, but the roles of FGFR1 and FGFR2 in the adult liver are largely unknown. We investigated the functions and mechanisms of action of these receptors in liver homeostasis, regeneration, and fibrosis. METHODS We generated mice with(More)
The capability of the liver to fully regenerate after injury is a unique phenomenon essential for the maintenance of its important functions in the control of metabolism and xenobiotic detoxification. The regeneration process is histologically well described, but the genes that orchestrate liver regeneration have been only partially characterized. Of(More)
The mechanisms involved in the control of embryonic stem (ES) cell differentiation are yet to be fully elucidated. However, it has become clear that the family of fibroblast growth factors (FGFs) are centrally involved. In this study we examined the role of the FGF receptors (FGFRs 1-4) during osteogenesis in murine ES cells. Single cells were obtained(More)
OBJECTIVE Fibroblast growth factors (Fgfs) are key orchestrators of development, and a role of Fgfs in tissue repair is emerging. Here we studied the consequences of inducible loss of Fgf receptor (Fgfr) 4, the major Fgf receptor (Fgfr) on hepatocytes, alone or in combination with Fgfr1 and Fgfr2, for liver regeneration after PH. DESIGN We used siRNA(More)
The liver has a unique regenerative capability, which involves extensive remodelling of cell-cell and cell-matrix contacts. Here we study the role of integrins in mouse liver regeneration using Cre/loxP-mediated gene deletion or intravenous delivery of β1-integrin siRNA formulated into nanoparticles that predominantly target hepatocytes. We show that(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS TNF was the first cytokine employed for cancer therapy, but its use was limited due to its insufficient selectivity towards malignant cells. Fructose induces transient hepatic ATP depletion in humans and rodents due to the liver-specific fructose metabolism via fructokinase, while other cells e.g. Muscle cells metabolize fructose via(More)