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Hyaluronan must be exported from its site of synthesis, the inner side of plasma membrane, to the extracellular matrix. Here, we identified the multidrug-associated protein MRP5 as the principle hyaluronan exporter from fibroblasts. The expression of the MRP5 (ABC-C5) transporter was silenced in fibroblasts using RNA interference, and a dose-dependent(More)
OBJECTIVES Hyaluronan, a major water binding component of the extracellular matrix, is synthesised within the cytosol and exported across the plasma membrane by the ABC-transporter MRP5 in fibroblasts. Although its synthesis is vital for embryogenesis, MRP5-deficient mice are without phenotype, suggesting that another transporter had substituted for the(More)
When secreted from malignant cells, hyaluronan facilitates tumor invasion and metastasis, as inhibition of its export by zaprinast inhibited metastasis formation in mice. However, the precise steps of the metastatic cascade, which were influenced by zaprinast, have not been identified as yet. Here we analyzed the cell biological effects of the inhibitor on(More)
The synthesis of a series of 5-phenyl substituted 1-methyl-2-pyridones (I) and 4'-substituted biphenyl-4-carboxylic acids (II) as novel A-C ring steroidomimetic inhibitors of 5alpha-reductase (5alphaR) is described. Compounds 1-4 (I) were synthesized by palladium catalyzed cross coupling (Ishikura) reaction between diethyl(3-pyridyl)borane and aryl halides(More)
Hyaluronan is synthesized within the cytoplasm and exported into the extracellular matrix through the cell membrane of fibroblasts by the MRP5 transporter. In order to meet the law of electroneutrality, a cation is required to neutralize the emerging negative hyaluronan charges. As we previously observed an inhibiting of hyaluronan export by inhibitors of(More)
SCOPE An early reaction in osteoarthritic chondrocytes is hyaluronan overproduction followed by proteoglycan loss and collagen degradation. We recently found that hyaluronan is exported by the ATP-binding cassette transporter multidrug resistance associated protein 5 (MRP5) in competition with cGMP and that some phosphodiesterase 5 inhibitors also inhibited(More)
Using data of Swiss referenda from 1981 to 1999, this paper presents new empirical results which allow us to discriminate better between the decision and mobilisation hypotheses of electoral participation. First, the theoretical considerations are presented which lead to these hypotheses are presented as well as the theory of expressive voting, and a survey(More)
The membrane potential is mainly maintained by the K(+) concentration gradient across the cell membrane between the cytosol and the extracellular matrix. Here, we show that extracellular addition of high-molecular weight hyaluronan depolarized the membrane potential of human fibroblasts, human embryonic kidney cells (HEK), and central nervous system neurons(More)
In this pilot study, we examine the relationship between the organisation of property rights and the economic importance of forestry on the one hand and the degree to which integrative nature conservation is formally implemented in forest policy on the other hand. Further, we are interested in whether political institutions moderate this relationship. We(More)
In the area of reverse logistics, remanufacturing has been proven to be a valuable option for product recovery. In many industries, each step of the products' recovery is carried out in lot sizes which leads to the assumption that for each of the different recovery steps some kind of fixed costs prevail. Furthermore, holding costs can be observed for all(More)