Tobias Schuerholz

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INTRODUCTION The aim of the study was to evaluate some of the underlying pathomechanisms of hydroxyethylstarch (HES) induced adverse effects on renal function using 24 porcine kidneys in an isolated perfusion model over six hours. METHODS Infusion of either 10% HES 200/0.5, 6% HES 130/0.42 or Ringer's lactate (RL) was performed to achieve an haematocrit(More)
The detergent CHAPS was found to be the preferable surfactant for the efficient purification and reconstitution of the Torpedo californica nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (AChR). The main result is that the incorporation of the AChR proteins into lipid vesicles by CHAPS dialysis was strongly dependent on the salt and protein concentrations. As monitored by(More)
In mature mammalian muscle, the chloride conductance of the membrane is an important factor in the regulation of excitability. Up to now, no ligand was available for the biochemical characterization of muscle chloride channels. In order to localize and characterize these channels, we have used indanyloxyacetic acid (IAA)-94, a ligand previously used for(More)
INTRODUCTION Increasing rates of multi-resistant bacteria are a major problem in the treatment of critically ill patients. Furthermore, conventional antibiotics lead to the release of bacterial derived membrane parts initiating pro-inflammatory cascades with potential harm to the patient. Antimicrobial peptides (AMP) may kill bacteria without releasing(More)
Nearly 100 years ago, antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) were identified as an important part of innate immunity. They exist in species from bacteria to mammals and can be isolated in body fluids and on surfaces constitutively or induced by inflammation. Defensins have anti-bacterial effects against Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria as well as anti-viral(More)
Myocardial dysfunction in sepsis has been linked to inflammation caused by pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs) as well as by host danger-associated molecular patterns (DAMPs). These include soluble heparan sulfate (HS), which triggers the devastating consequences of the pro-inflammatory cascades in severe sepsis and septic shock. Thus, there is(More)
The specific functional properties of the nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (AChR) and the particular oligomeric membrane organization of AChR are suggested to be the basis for the steep electrical depolarisation, required for the initiation of the postsynaptic action potentials causing muscle contraction and discharge of electric organs. The dimer (M(r)(More)
Sepsis, a life-threatening syndrome with increasing incidence worldwide, is triggered by an overwhelming inflammation induced by microbial toxins released into the bloodstream during infection. A well-known sepsis-inducing factor is the membrane constituent of Gram-negative bacteria, lipopolysaccharide (LPS), signalling via Toll-like receptor-4. Although(More)
Heparanase is an endo-β-glucuronidase that cleaves heparan sulfate side chains from their proteoglycans. Thereby, heparanase liberates highly potent circulating heparan sulfate-fragments (HS-fragments) and triggers the fatal and excessive inflammatory response in sepsis. As a potential anti-inflammatory agent for sepsis therapy, peptide 19-2.5 belongs to(More)