In this paper, we present a recently developed and computer-based instrument for the detailed assessment of reading skills. The theory underlying its construction is van Dijk and Kintsch's (1983) strategy model of text comprehension. The target group of the instrument are adults with a presumably high level of reading ability, for instance university… (More)
Gigerenzer and Brighton (2009) have argued for a "Homo heuristicus" view of judgment and decision making, claiming that there is evidence for a majority of individuals using fast and frugal heuristics. In this vein, they criticize previous studies that tested the descriptive adequacy of some of these heuristics. In addition, they provide a reanalysis of… (More)
Establishing local coherence relations is central to text comprehension. Positive-causal coherence relations link a cause and its consequence, whereas negative-causal coherence relations add a contrastive meaning (negation) to the causal link. According to the cumulative cognitive complexity approach, negative-causal coherence relations are cognitively more… (More)
We present evidence for a nonstrategic monitoring of event-based plausibility during language comprehension by showing that readers cannot ignore the implausibility of information even if it is detrimental to the task at hand. In two experiments using a Stroop-like paradigm, participants were required to provide positive and negative responses independent… (More)
Telling stories can be a powerful way to persuade. This contributions reviews previous research on individual differences in narrative persuasion, with an emphasis on one personality construct: the need for affect. Implications for persuasion profiling are discussed. Moreover, this contribution provides data on correlates of the need for affect which might… (More)
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Fact-related information contained in fictional narratives may induce substantial changes in readers' real-world beliefs. Current models of persuasion through fiction assume that these effects occur because readers are psychologically transported into the fictional world of the narrative. Contrary to general dual-process models of persuasion, models of… (More)