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Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are among the first ten causes of unpleasant diseases in young adult males in developing countries and the second major cause of unpleasant diseases in young adult women. Adolescents and young adults (15-24 years old) make up only 25% of the sexually active population, but represent almost 50% of all new acquired STDs.(More)
In order to identify functional regions of the human cytomegalovirus protein pUL97 (i) different 5' fragments of the UL97 open reading frame (ORF) were fused to the coding region of the green fluorescent protein and (ii) recombinant vaccinia viruses (rVV) were generated carrying two full-length and 11 mutated UL97 ORFs. The results indicated the presence of(More)
Thirteen point mutations targeting predicted domains conserved in homologous protein kinases were introduced into the UL97 coding region of the human cytomegalovirus. All mutagenized proteins were expressed in cells infected with recombinant vaccinia viruses (rVV). Several mutations drastically reduced ganciclovir (GCV) phosphorylation. Mutations at amino(More)
Our objective was to describe associations among male circumcision, behavioral and demographic variables, ulcerative and nonulcerative sexually transmitted disease (STD), and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection via a cross-sectional study in Kigali, the capital of Rwanda. Our subjects were 837 married men who volunteered for HIV testing and(More)
The UL97 protein (pUL97) of human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) is a protein kinase that also phosphorylates ganciclovir (GCV), but its biological function is not yet clear. The M97 protein (pM97) of mouse cytomegalovirus (MCMV) is the homolog of pUL97. First, we studied the consequences of genetic replacement of M97 by UL97. Using the infectious bacterial plasmid(More)
We analyzed whether the phosphotransferase encoded by the UL97 open reading frame of human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) alone is sufficient to confer ganciclovir (GCV) susceptibility to a foreign virus. Two vaccinia virus recombinants (T1 and A5) containing the UL97 open reading frames from a GCV-sensitive HCMV and from a GCV-resistant strain were constructed. T1(More)
Combined in vivo/ex vivo T cell depletion is effective in the prophylaxis of graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) after allogeneic bone marrow transplantation (BMT), but influences the occurrence of active cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection and disease. Twenty nine patients receiving a T cell-depleted marrow graft (Campath-1M) after intravenous application of the(More)
The periodontium contains heterogeneous mesenchymal cell populations with various differentiation potentials. The capacity of these cells for tissue formation as well as the origin of their precursors are still not entirely defined. In this study, cells originating from different periodontal tissues were cultured in vitro, and tissue formation in vivo(More)
We used recombinant vaccinia viruses (rVV) containing the UL97 open reading frame (ORF) of the human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) to investigate the UL97-dependent phosphorylation of different nucleoside analogs. The rVV T1 expressed the wild-type UL97 protein whereas rVV A5 contained a 12 bp deletion in the UL97 which had been known to be responsible for(More)