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Evolution of proteins is generally modeled as a Markov process acting on each site of the sequence. Replacement frequencies need to be estimated based on sequence alignments. Here we compare three approaches: First, the original method by Dayhoff, Schwartz, and Orcutt (1978) Atlas Protein Seq. Struc. 5:345-352, secondly, the resolvent method (RV) by Müller(More)
MOTIVATION With the exponential growth of expression and protein-protein interaction (PPI) data, the frontier of research in systems biology shifts more and more to the integrated analysis of these large datasets. Of particular interest is the identification of functional modules in PPI networks, sharing common cellular function beyond the scope of(More)
Transcription factor binding site (TFBS) detection plays an important role in computational biology, with applications in gene finding and gene regulation. The sites are often modeled by gapless profiles, also known as position-weight matrices. Past research has focused on the significance of profile scores (the ability to avoid false positives), but this(More)
  • Tobias Müller, Thorsten Dürk, Britta Blumenthal, Melanie Grimm, Sanja Cicko, Elisabeth Panther +6 others
  • 2009
Beside its well described role in the central and peripheral nervous system 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT), commonly known as serotonin, is also a potent immuno-modulator. Serotoninergic receptors (5-HTR) are expressed by a broad range of inflammatory cell types, including dendritic cells (DCs). In this study, we aimed to further characterize the(More)
BACKGROUND In sequence analysis the multiple alignment builds the fundament of all proceeding analyses. Errors in an alignment could strongly influence all succeeding analyses and therefore could lead to wrong predictions. Hand-crafted and hand-improved alignments are necessary and meanwhile good common practice. For RNA sequences often the primary sequence(More)
A graph G is a k-sphere graph if there are k-dimensional real vectors v<sub>1</sub>,..., v<sub>n</sub> such that ij &#8712; E(G) if and only if the distance between v<sub>i</sub> and v<sub>j</sub> is at most 1. A graph G is a k-dot product graph if there are k-dimensional real vectors v<sub>1</sub>,...,v<sub>n</sub> such that ij &#8712; E(G) if and only if(More)
Given a transmembrane protein, we wish to find related ones by a database search. Due to the strongly hydrophobic amino acid composition of transmembrane domains, suboptimal results are obtained when general-purpose scoring matrices such as BLOSUM are used. Recently, a transmembrane-specific score matrix called PHAT was shown to perform much better than(More)
The phylogenetic position of the Mollicutes has been re-examined by using phosphoglycerate kinase (Pgk) amino acid sequences. Hitherto unpublished sequences from Mycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides, Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae and Spiroplasma citri were included in the analysis. Phylogenetic trees based on Pgk data indicated a monophyletic origin for the(More)
BACKGROUND Gene function analysis of the obligate intracellular bacterium Chlamydia pneumoniae is hampered by the facts that this organism is inaccessible to genetic manipulations and not cultivable outside the host. The genomes of several strains have been sequenced; however, very little information is available on the gene structure and transcriptome of(More)