Tobias Ibfelt

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To examine the plasma interleukin (IL)-6 response in elderly (E) and young (Y) humans, 10 E and 10 Y subjects completed 60 min of eccentric lower limb exercise at the same relative oxygen uptake. Plasma IL-6 was measured before, immediately after, and 5 days into recovery from exercise, as were the biochemical markers of muscle damage, creatine kinase (CK),(More)
The present double-blinded, placebo-controlled study investigated whether antioxidant vitamin supplementation was able to modulate the cytokine and lymphocyte responses after strenuous eccentric exercise. Furthermore, muscle enzyme release was examined to see whether antioxidant treatment could reduce muscle damage. Twenty male recreational runners randomly(More)
BACKGROUND Viruses cause a major proportion of human infections, especially gastroenteritis and respiratory infections in children and adults. Indirect transmission between humans via environmental surfaces may play a role in infections, but methods to investigate this have been sparse. AIM To validate and test efficient and reliable procedures to detect(More)
Aging is associated with increased inflammatory activity. Increased plasma levels of tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha were found in centenarians aged 100 years and in individuals aged 80-81 years when compared to a young control group. Plasma levels of TNF-alpha were linearly correlated to plasma levels of interleukin (IL)-6, TNF-receptors and C-reactive(More)
CONTEXT Low-grade systemic inflammation is a feature of most lifestyle-related chronic diseases. Enhanced TNF-alpha concentrations have been implicated in the development of hyperlipidemia. OBJECTIVE We hypothesized that an acute elevation of TNF-alpha in plasma would cause an increase in lipolysis, increasing circulatory free fatty acid (FFA) levels. (More)
In response to exercise, both CD4(+) and CD8(+) T cells are mobilized to the blood, but the levels of these cells decline below preexercise values in the postexercise period. T cells are functionally polarized, depending on the cytokines they produce. Type 1 cells produce, e.g., interferon (INF)-gamma, whereas type 2 produce, e.g., interleukin (IL)-4. It(More)
CONTEXT Skeletal muscle wasting has been associated with elevations in circulating inflammatory cytokines, in particular TNF-alpha. OBJECTIVE In this study, we investigated whether TNF-alpha affects human systemic and skeletal muscle protein turnover via a 4-h recombinant human (rh) TNF-alpha infusion. We hypothesize that TNF-alpha increases human muscle(More)
BACKGROUND The rising number of children in daycare nurseries increases opportunities for the transmission of infectious diseases. Pathogens may be transmitted directly from child to child via sneezing, coughing and touching, or indirectly via the environment. Toys are among the fomites with the highest pathogen load, but their role in disease transmission(More)
Type 2 diabetes is characterized by increased insulin resistance and impaired insulin secretion. Type 2 diabetes is also associated with low-grade inflammation and increased levels of proinflammatory cytokines such as TNF-α. TNF-α has been shown to impair peripheral insulin signaling in vitro and in vivo. However, it is unclear whether TNF-α may also affect(More)
Several studies have reported poor indoor air quality (IAQ) in day care centers (DCCs), and other studies have shown that children attending them have an increased risk of respiratory and gastrointestinal infections. The aim of this study was to investigate whether there is an association between ventilation in DCCs and sick leave among nursery children.(More)