Tobias Herold

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BACKGROUND The RUNX1 (AML1) gene is a frequent mutational target in myelodysplastic syndromes and acute myeloid leukemia. Previous studies suggested that RUNX1 mutations may have pathological and prognostic implications. DESIGN AND METHODS We screened 93 patients with cytogenetically normal acute myeloid leukemia for RUNX1 mutations by capillary(More)
Cytogenetically normal acute myeloid leukemia (CN-AML) with biallelic CEBPA gene mutations (biCEPBA) represents a distinct disease entity with a favorable clinical outcome. So far, it is not known whether other genetic alterations cooperate with biCEBPA mutations during leukemogenesis. To identify additional mutations, we performed whole exome sequencing of(More)
The t(8;21) and inv(16)/t(16;16) rearrangements affecting the core-binding factors RUNX1 and CBFB, respectively, are found in 15% to 20% of adult de novo acute myeloid leukemia (AML) cases and are associated with a favorable prognosis. Since the expression of the fusion genes CBFB/MYH11 or RUNX1/RUNX1T1 alone is not sufficient to cause leukemia, we(More)
Refractoriness to induction chemotherapy and relapse after achievement of remission are the main obstacles to cure in acute myeloid leukaemia (AML). After standard induction chemotherapy, patients are assigned to different post-remission strategies on the basis of cytogenetic and molecular abnormalities that broadly define adverse, intermediate and(More)
MicroRNAs are subject to precise regulation and have key roles in tumorigenesis. In contrast to the oncogenic role of miR-22 reported in myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) and breast cancer, here we show that miR-22 is an essential anti-tumour gatekeeper in de novo acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) where it is significantly downregulated. Forced expression of(More)
Early specific radiologic changes of rheumatoid arthritis can usually be detected in the hands and feet. Later stages of the disease process show a typical centripetal spread of the affected joints, i.e., shoulder, elbow, and knee. For prognostic assessment of cubital rheumatoid arthritis, conventional radiography still remains the gold standard. X-rays(More)
PURPOSE To identify a robust prognostic gene expression signature as an independent predictor of survival of patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and use it to improve established risk classification. PATIENTS AND METHODS Four independent sets totaling 499 patients with AML carrying various cytogenetic and molecular abnormalities were used as(More)
Molecular characterization of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) has greatly improved the ability to categorize and prognostify patients with this disease. In this study, we show that the proto-oncogene CDX2 is aberrantly expressed in the majority of cases with B-lineage ALL and T-ALL. High expression of CDX2 correlated significantly with the ALL subtype(More)
About 30% of patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) harbour mutations of the receptor tyrosine kinase FLT3, mostly internal tandem duplications (ITD) and point mutations of the second tyrosine kinase domain (TKD). It was the aim of this study to comprehensively analyze clinical and functional properties of various FLT3 mutants. In 672 normal karyotype(More)
The clinical and prognostic relevance of many recently identified driver gene mutations in adult acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is poorly defined. We sequenced the coding regions or hotspot areas of 68 recurrently mutated genes in a cohort of 664 patients aged 18 to 86 years treated on 2 phase 3 trials of the German AML Cooperative Group (AMLCG). The median(More)