Tobias Hartmann

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Abnormal biology of alpha-synuclein (alpha-Syn) is directly implicated in the pathogenesis of Parkinson's disease and other alpha-synucleinopathies. Herein, we demonstrate that C-terminally truncated alpha-Syn (alpha-SynDeltaC), enriched in the pathological alpha-Syn aggregates, is normally generated from full-length alpha-Syn independent of alpha-Syn(More)
The Alzheimer amyloid precursor protein (APP) is cleaved by several proteases, the most studied, but still unidentified ones, are those involved in the release of a fragment of APP, the amyloidogenic β-protein Aβ. Proteolysis by γ-secretase is the last processing step resulting in release of Aβ. Cleavage occurs after residue 40 of Aβ [Aβ(1–40)],(More)
In a randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind study, we investigated whether statins alter cholesterol metabolites and reduce Abeta levels in the cerebrospinal fluid of 44 patients with Alzheimer's disease. Individuals were given up to 80mg simvastatin daily or placebo for 26 weeks. Overall, simvastatin did not significantly alter cerebrospinal fluid(More)
Generation of amyloid-beta (Abeta) from the amyloid precursor protein (APP) requires proteolytic cleavage by two proteases, beta- and gamma-secretase. Several lines of evidence suggest a role for cholesterol on secretase activities, although the responsible cellular mechanisms remain unclear. Here we show that alterations in cholesterol transport from late(More)
Microglia activated by extracellularly deposited amyloid β peptide (Aβ) act as a two-edged sword in Alzheimer's disease pathogenesis: on the one hand, they damage neurons by releasing neurotoxic proinflammatory mediators (M1 activation); on the other hand, they protect neurons by triggering anti-inflammatory/neurotrophic M2 activation and by clearing Aβ via(More)
Amyloid beta peptide (Aβ) has a key role in the pathological process of Alzheimer's disease (AD), but the physiological function of Aβ and of the amyloid precursor protein (APP) is unknown. Recently, it was shown that APP processing is sensitive to cholesterol and other lipids. Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA reductase (HMGR) and sphingomyelinases (SMases) are(More)
We have generated a transgenic mouse line overexpressing mutated human A30P alpha-synuclein under the control of the prion-related protein promoter. Immunohistology revealed mutated human A30P alpha-synuclein protein in numerous brain areas, but no gross morphological changes, Lewy bodies, or loss of dopaminergic cell bodies. The transgenic mice displayed(More)
Aldehyde oxidase (AO) is a complex molybdo-flavoprotein that belongs to the xanthine oxidase family. AO is active as a homodimer, and each 150-kDa monomer binds two distinct [2Fe2S] clusters, FAD, and the molybdenum cofactor. AO has an important role in the metabolism of drugs based on its broad substrate specificity oxidizing aromatic aza-heterocycles, for(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a devastating neurodegenerative disorder currently affecting over 35 million people worldwide. Pathological hallmarks of AD are massive amyloidosis, extracellular senile plaques, and intracellular neurofibrillary tangles accompanied by an excessive loss of synapses. Major constituents of senile plaques are 40-42 amino acid long(More)
The standard loader (ld.so) is a common target of attacks. The loader is a trusted component of the application, and faults in the loader are problematic, e.g., they may lead to local privilege escalation for SUID binaries. Software-based fault isolation (SFI) provides a framework to execute arbitrary code while protecting the host system. A problem of(More)