Tobias Hanrath

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Density functional calculations for the binding energy of oleic acid-based ligands on Pb-rich {100} and {111} facets of PbSe nanocrystals determine the surface energies as a function of ligand coverage. Oleic acid is expected to bind to the nanocrystal surface in the form of lead oleate. The Wulff construction predicts the thermodynamic equilibrium shape of(More)
Internanocrystal coupling induced excitons dissociation in lead salt nanocrystal assemblies is investigated. By combining transient photoluminescence spectroscopy, grazing incidence small-angle X-ray scattering, and time-resolved electric force microscopy, we show that excitons can dissociate, without the aid of an external bias or chemical potential(More)
Structure control in solution-processed hybrid perovskites is crucial to design and fabricate highly efficient solar cells. Here, we utilize in situ grazing incidence wide-angle X-ray scattering and scanning electron microscopy to investigate the structural evolution and film morphologies of methylammonium lead tri-iodide/chloride (CH3NH3PbI(3-x)Cl(x)) in(More)
Efficient carrier multiplication has been reported for several semiconductor nanocrystals: PbSe, PbS, PbTe, CdSe, InAs, and Si. Some of these reports have been challenged by studies claiming that carrier multiplication does not occur in CdSe, CdTe, and InAs nanocrystals, thus raising legitimate doubts concerning the occurrence of carrier multiplication in(More)
Surface oxidation and chemical passivation of single-crystal Ge nanowires with diameters ranging between 7 and 25 nm were studied. The surface chemistry differs significantly from that of well-studied monolithic atomically smooth single-crystal substrates. High-resolution Ge 3d XPS measurements reveal that Ge nanowires with chemically untreated surfaces(More)
We describe the single-step self-organization of nanocrystal superlattice films infused with spatially ordered arrays of micrometer-size pores. In a humid atmosphere, water droplets condense on the surface of evaporating thin-film solutions of nanocrystals. Nanocrystals coated with the appropriate ligands stabilize the water droplets, allowing them to grow(More)
The temperature dependence of the field effect mobility was measured for solution-grown single-crystal Ge nanowires. The nanowires were synthesized in hexane from diphenylgermane by the supercritical fluid-liquid-solid process using gold nanocrystals as seeds. The nanowires were chemically treated with isoprene to passivate their surfaces. The electrical(More)
We report the design, fabrication, and characterization of colloidal PbSe nanocrystal (NC)-based photovoltaic test structures that exhibit an excitonic solar cell mechanism. Charge extraction from the NC active layer is driven by a photoinduced chemical potential energy gradient at the nanostructured heterojunction. By minimizing perturbation to PbSe NC(More)
Infrared light-emitting diodes are currently fabricated from direct-gap semiconductors using epitaxy, which makes them expensive and difficult to integrate with other materials. Light-emitting diodes based on colloidal semiconductor quantum dots, on the other hand, can be solution-processed at low cost, and can be directly integrated with silicon. However,(More)
Despite intense research efforts by research groups worldwide, the potential of self-assembled nanocrystal superlattices (NCSLs) has not been realized due to an incomplete understanding of the fundamental molecular interactions governing the self-assembly process. Because NCSLs reside naturally at length-scales between atomic crystals and colloidal(More)