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In this work, we propose an algorithm for acoustic source localization based on time delay of arrival (TDOA) estimation. In earlier work by other authors, an initial closed-form approximation was first used to estimate the true position of the speaker followed by a Kalman filtering stage to smooth the time series of estimates. In the proposed algorithm,(More)
In this paper, we consider an acoustic beamforming application where two speakers are simultaneously active. We construct one subband-domain beamformer in generalized sidelobe canceller (GSC) configuration for each source. In contrast to normal practice, we then jointly optimize the active weight vectors of both GSCs to obtain two output signals with(More)
BACKGROUND The clinical significance of sleeve gastrectomy (SG) as a primary bariatric intervention is still under debate. This article aims to systematically analyze excessive weight loss (EWL) in patients after SG. METHODS A systematic literature search on SG from the period January 2003 to December 2010 was performed. Data described from systematic(More)
In this paper, we present a novel approach for tracking a lecturer during the course of his speech. We use features from multiple cameras and microphones, and process them in a joint particle filter framework. The filter performs sampled projections of 3D location hypotheses and scores them using features from both audio and video. On the video side, the(More)
The purpose of the present study was to determine the value of virtual reality (VR) training for a multimodality training program of basic laparoscopic surgery. Participants in a two-day multimodality training for laparoscopic surgery used box trainers, live animal training, and cadaveric training on the pulsating organ perfusion (POP) trainer in a(More)
BACKGROUND Laparoscopy training courses have been established in many centers worldwide to ensure adequate skill learning before performing operations on patients. Different training modalities and their combinations have been compared regarding training effects. Multimodality training combines different approaches for optimal training outcome. However, no(More)
Knowledge about the influence of underlying biomaterial on behavior of surgical meshes at the esophageal hiatus is rare, but essential for safe and effective hiatal hernia surgery. This study aimed to characterize the influence of polymer material on mesh behavior at the hiatus. 24 pigs in three groups of eight underwent implantation of either polypropylene(More)
In recent years, robotic assistance for surgical procedures has grown on a worldwide scale, particularly for use in more complex operations. Such operations usually require meticulous handling of tissue, involve a narrow working space and limit the surgeon's sense of orientation in the human body. Improvement in both tissue handling and working within a(More)
Postoperative morbidity and mortality after liver resection is closely related to the degree of intraoperative blood loss; the majority of which occurs during transection of the liver parenchyma. Many approaches and devices have therefore been developed to limit bleeding, but none has yet achieved perfect results up to now. The aim of this standardized(More)