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In this study, the angiogenetic effect of sintered 45S5 Bioglass® was quantitatively assessed for the first time in the arteriovenous loop (AVL) model. An AVL was created by interposition of a venous graft from the contralateral side between the femoral artery and vein in the medial thigh of eight rats. The loop was placed in a Teflon isolation chamber and(More)
Guided tissue regeneration (GTR) membranes have been used for the management of destructive forms of periodontal disease as a means of aiding regeneration of lost supporting tissues, including the alveolar bone, cementum, gingiva and periodontal ligaments (PDL). Currently available GTR membranes are either non-biodegradable, requiring a second surgery for(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim was to evaluate the polymerization properties of bulk-fill resin composites using two different light-curing protocols, in terms of degree of conversion (%DC), Vickers hardness (HV), polymerization volume shrinkage (PVS) and polymerization shrinkage stress (PSS) and compare them to conventional condensable and flowable resin composites.(More)
Loading biomaterials with angiogenic therapeutics has emerged as a promising approach for developing superior biomaterials for engineering bone constructs. In this context, cobalt-releasing materials are of interest as Co is a known angiogenic agent. In this study, we report on cobalt-releasing three-dimensional (3D) scaffolds based on a silicate bioactive(More)
Vacuum-induced surface freezing of colloidal alumina was used to produce membranes that have elongated, aligned channels and, hence, are tortuous in the direction perpendicular to ice crystal growth. The effective tortuosity of the membranes was measured by steady-state diffusion of a solute, methylene blue. The resulting diffusion profiles show an initial(More)
Vacuum-induced surface freezing has been used to produce uni-directional freezing of colloidal aluminum oxide dispersions. It leads to zones of different structure within the resulting sintered monoliths that are highly similar to those known for freeze casting using a cryogen cold source. A more-or-less dense surface layer and a cellular sub-surface region(More)
Nanoscale surface modification of biomedical implant materials offers enhanced biological activity concerning protein adsorption and cell adherence. Nanoporous anodic alumina oxide (AAO) layers were prepared by electrochemical oxidation of thin Al-seed layers in 0.22 M C2H2O4, applying anodization voltages of 20-60 V. The AAO layers are characterized by a(More)
The oxides of the transition metal molybdenum exhibit excellent antimicrobial properties. We present the preparation of molybdenum trioxide dihydrate (MoO3 × 2H2O) by an acidification method and demonstrate the thermal phase development and morphological evolution during and after calcination from 25 °C to 600 °C. The thermal dehydration of the material was(More)
Aim of the present study was the establishment of an efficient and reproducible model for irradiation of rat femora as a model for impaired osteogenesis and angiogenesis. Four different irradiation protocols were compared: single irradiation of the left femur with 20 Gy and explantation after 4 or 8 weeks (group A, B) and three irradiation fractions at 3-4(More)
Bioactive glass (BG) based scaffolds (45S5 BG composition) were developed by the replica technique using natural marine sponges as sacrificial templates. The resulting scaffolds were characterized by superior mechanical properties (compression strength up to 4 MPa) compared to conventional BG scaffolds prepared using polyurethane (PU) packaging foam as a(More)