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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE A new FPCT application offers the possibility of perfusion (FPCT CBV) and parenchymal (FPCT) imaging within the angiography suite. We tested the hypothesis that findings in FPCT CBV and FPCT would correlate with those obtained using MSCT and PCT. MATERIALS AND METHODS In 16 patients with acute MCA occlusion, FPCT CBV was performed(More)
BACKGROUND Many patients with stroke are precluded from thrombolysis treatment because the time from onset of their symptoms is unknown. We aimed to test whether a mismatch in visibility of an acute ischaemic lesion between diffusion-weighted MRI (DWI) and fluid-attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR) MRI (DWI-FLAIR mismatch) can be used to detect patients(More)
Pilocarpine-induced status epilepticus (PCSE) is a widely used model to study neurodegeneration in limbic structures after prolonged epileptic seizures. However, mechanisms mediating neuronal cell death in this model require further characterization. Examining the expression time course and spatial distribution of activated caspase-3, we sought to determine(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Middle cerebral artery (MCA) aneurysms often have an unfavorable aneurysm geometry that might limit endovascular therapy. Our purpose was to analyze the feasibility, safety, and efficacy of coil embolization in a consecutive series of MCA aneurysms chosen for endovascular treatment. PATIENTS AND TECHNIQUES Of 235 MCA aneurysms seen(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The viability of both brain parenchyma and vascular anatomy is important in estimating the risk and potential benefit of revascularization in patients with acute cerebral ischemia. We tested the hypothesis that when used in conjunction with IV contrast, FD-CT imaging would provide both anatomic and physiologic information that would(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Both hypothermia and decompressive craniectomy (DC) have been shown to reduce ischemic injury in experimental middle cerebral artery (MCA) infarction. This study was designed to evaluate the effect of combined DC and hypothermia on infarction size and neurological outcome in a rat model of MCA occlusion (MCAO). METHODS MCAO was(More)
Neurodegeneration and brain edema are hallmarks of human malignant brain tumors. Here we show that genetic or pharmacological inhibition of the glutamate transporter xCT (X(c-) system, encoded by SLC7a11) in vivo leads to abrogated neurodegeneration, attenuated perifocal edema and prolonged survival. These results show a crucial role for xCT in(More)
OBJECT The goal in this study was to compare flat-panel detector (FD) CT with multislice (MS) CT in the visualization of intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH), subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH), intraventricular hemorrhage, and external ventricular drains (EVDs) to evaluate the diagnostic quality and limitations of the new FD CT imaging modality. METHODS Neuroimages(More)
Gray matter abnormalities have been found in anorexia nervosa (AN) in several brain regions. However, little is known about white matter abnormalities under the condition of AN. To comprehensively assess the microstructural integrity of white matter pathways in women with anorexia nervosa, we performed voxel-based Diffusion Tensor Imaging (DTI). 21 women(More)
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES The objective of this study was to determine how metabolite values (total N-acetyl aspartate [tNAA], glutamate plus glutamine [Glx], total choline [tCho], myoinositol [mI], and total creatine [tCr]) vary across brain regions in healthy subjects. This study was implemented to create an internal reference database for patients with(More)