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Pilocarpine-induced status epilepticus (PCSE) is a widely used model to study neurodegeneration in limbic structures after prolonged epileptic seizures. However, mechanisms mediating neuronal cell death in this model require further characterization. Examining the expression time course and spatial distribution of activated caspase-3, we sought to determine(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Both hypothermia and decompressive craniectomy (DC) have been shown to reduce ischemic injury in experimental middle cerebral artery (MCA) infarction. This study was designed to evaluate the effect of combined DC and hypothermia on infarction size and neurological outcome in a rat model of MCA occlusion (MCAO). METHODS MCAO was(More)
Gray matter abnormalities have been found in anorexia nervosa (AN) in several brain regions. However, little is known about white matter abnormalities under the condition of AN. To comprehensively assess the microstructural integrity of white matter pathways in women with anorexia nervosa, we performed voxel-based Diffusion Tensor Imaging (DTI). 21 women(More)
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES The objective of this study was to determine how metabolite values (total N-acetyl aspartate [tNAA], glutamate plus glutamine [Glx], total choline [tCho], myoinositol [mI], and total creatine [tCr]) vary across brain regions in healthy subjects. This study was implemented to create an internal reference database for patients with(More)
OBJECTIVES The recommended operative treatment against hindbrain related syringomyelia is suboccipital decompression. The aim of the study was to define prognostic factors for surgical outcome in this disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS Between 1990 and 1997, 31 patients with hindbrain related syringomyelia were treated. All patients underwent craniovertebral(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The underlying changes in the neuronal connectivity adjacent to brain tumors cannot always be depicted by conventional MR imaging. The hypothesis of this study was that preoperative sensorimotor deficits are associated with impairment in pyramidal fiber bundles. Hence, we investigated the potential of combined quantitative diffusion(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Middle cerebral artery (MCA) aneurysms often have an unfavorable aneurysm geometry that might limit endovascular therapy. Our purpose was to analyze the feasibility, safety, and efficacy of coil embolization in a consecutive series of MCA aneurysms chosen for endovascular treatment. PATIENTS AND TECHNIQUES Of 235 MCA aneurysms seen(More)
By means of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) we longitudinally monitored the evolution of ischemic injury, changes in cerebral hemodynamics and alterations of the blood-brain barrier (BBB) during permanent or temporary middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) in rats. Using the intraluminal suture occlusion model, male Sprague-Dawley rats were subjected to(More)
We applied diffusion-weighted MRI (DWI) in the pilocarpine-induced status epilepticus (SE) model to investigate the evolution of acute phase changes in brain diffusion with and without early anticonvulsive therapy correlated to long-term SE-induced neuronal cell loss. Hereby, DWI was performed before (baseline) and serially between 3 and 120 min after onset(More)
We assessed (1)H-MRS as a screening tool for detection of hippocampal sclerosis in patients with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE). (1)H-MRS was carried out in the hippocampus of 23 patients with unilateral TLE. Metabolite alterations detected by (1)H-MRS correlated with degree of segmental neuronal cell loss and amount of astrogliosis. Positive correlation was(More)