Tobias Effertz

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OBJECTIVES We compared television food advertising to children in several countries. METHODS We undertook a collaboration among 13 research groups in Australia, Asia, Western Europe, and North and South America. Each group recorded programming for 2 weekdays and 2 weekend days between 6:00 and 22:00, for the 3 channels most watched by children, between(More)
With the steadily growing health burden of obesity in Germany, the measuring and quantification of its costs and relevant economic consequences have become increasingly important. The usual quantifications via previous cost-of-illness approaches mostly have several weaknesses, e.g., applying “indirect methods” by using “population-attributable fractions” to(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine whether the German food industry directs commercials for unhealthy products to children and whether self-administered voluntary restrictions on the promotion of less healthy foods (the EU Pledge) are effective to mitigate this exposure. DESIGN By analysing German data from television (TV) channels, advertised products were categorized(More)
In Deutschland sind mehr als die Hälfte der Erwachsenen und etwa jedes 11. Kind zu dick. Die aktuellen Lebensbedingungen unterstützen Bewegungsarmut und ungesunde Ernährung und fördern daher die Entstehung von Übergewicht. Adipositas verursacht über Folgekrankheiten wie Diabetes, Herz-Kreislauf-Erkrankungen und Krebs der Gesellschaft hohe Kosten. Die(More)
Recent publications calculated an annual prevalence of 38% of the population within the European Union having a "disorder of the brain" including substance use disorders (SUD) (Wittchen et al., 2011). The overall economic burden was estimated at 789 billion € (Gustavsson et al., 2011). While these calculations included alcohol dependence, harmful use of(More)
AIM The study aimed to explore the place of taxation in preventing underage binge drinking in Germany. METHOD We reviewed evidence on the role of excise taxes on alcohol in preventing alcohol problems and underage drinking. We analyzed historical German data on tax on alcoholic beverages and compared this with European data, finally calculating tax(More)
Taxes on tobacco products are among the most efficient instruments against tobacco consumption and the arising cost of illness associated with them. The main argument of the tobacco industry against increases of excise taxes on cigarettes is a presumed substitution effect of smokers turning from consumption of legal cigarettes to smuggled ones. Besides(More)
The consumption of tobacco products is one of the main causes of illnesses. An often neglected but highly effective instrument for fiscal and preventive purposes is higher taxes on tobacco products. The tobacco industry however claims that higher taxes have tremendous effects on smuggling activity with additional costs with regard to law enforcement. The(More)
Hazardous alcohol consumption in Germany is a main threat to health. By using insurance claim data from the German Statutory Health Insurance and a classification strategy based on ICD10 diagnoses-codes we analyzed a sample of 146,000 subjects with more than 19,000 hazardous alcohol consumers. Employing different regression models with a control function(More)
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