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Drugs may interact with double stranded DNA via a variety of binding modes, each mode giving rise to a specific pharmacological function. Here we demonstrate the ability of single molecule force spectroscopy to discriminate between different interaction modes by measuring the mechanical properties of DNA and their modulation upon the binding of small(More)
Femtosecond time-resolved infrared spectroscopy was used to study the formation of cyclobutane dimers in the all-thymine oligodeoxynucleotide (dT)18 by ultraviolet light at 272 nanometers. The appearance of marker bands in the time-resolved spectra indicates that the dimers are fully formed approximately 1 picosecond after ultraviolet excitation. The(More)
Beta-hairpins constitute the smallest beta-type structures in peptides and proteins. The development of highly stable, yet monomeric beta-hairpins based on the tryptophan zipper motif was therefore a remarkable success [A. G. Cochran, N. J. Skelton, M. A. Starovasnik, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci USA 2001, 98, 5578-5583]. We have been able to design, synthesize(More)
A light-switchable peptide is transformed with ultrashort pulses from a beta-hairpin to an unfolded hydrophobic cluster and vice versa. The structural changes are monitored by mid-IR probing. Instantaneous normal mode analysis with a Hamiltonian combining density functional theory with molecular mechanics is used to interpret the absorption transients.(More)
Conformational changes in proteins and peptides can be initiated by diverse processes. This raises the question how the variation of initiation mechanisms is connected to differences in folding or unfolding processes. In this work structural dynamics of a photoswitchable β-hairpin model peptide were initiated by two different mechanisms: temperature jump(More)
Heme enzymes activate oxygen through formation of transient iron-oxo (ferryl) intermediates of the heme iron. A long-standing question has been the nature of the iron-oxygen bond and, in particular, the protonation state. We present neutron structures of the ferric derivative of cytochrome c peroxidase and its ferryl intermediate; these allow direct(More)
Ultrafast IR spectroscopy is used to monitor the nonequilibrium backbone dynamics of a cyclic peptide in the amide I vibrational range with picosecond time resolution. A conformational change is induced by means of a photoswitch integrated into the peptide backbone. Although the main conformational change of the backbone is completed after only 20 ps, the(More)
The formation and decay of a ketene intermediate photochemically formed from o-nitrobenzaldehyde has been studied by femtosecond UV/Vis and IR spectroscopy. The ketene is formed predominantly within a few 100 fs and to a minor extent within approximately 200 ps via the recombination of a triplet phased bi-radical. In tetrahydrofuran solution the ketene(More)
Femtosecond IR-pump-IR-probe experiments with independently tunable pulses are used to monitor the ultrafast response of selected IR absorption bands to vibrational excitation of other modes of Fmoc-nitrophenylalanine. The absorptions of both NO(2)-bands change rapidly within <2 ps upon excitation of other vibrational modes. The results point to(More)