Tobias Duncker

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PURPOSE To evaluate the feasibility and reliability of a standardized approach for quantitative measurements of fundus autofluorescence (AF) in images obtained with a confocal scanning laser ophthalmoscope (cSLO). METHODS AF images (30°) were acquired in 34 normal subjects (age range, 20-55 years) with two different cSLOs (488-nm excitation) equipped with(More)
PURPOSE Fundus autofluorescence was quantified (qAF) in subjects with healthy retinae using a standardized approach. The objective was to establish normative data and identify factors that influence the accumulation of RPE lipofuscin and/or modulate the observed AF signal in fundus images. METHODS AF images were acquired from 277 healthy subjects (age(More)
PURPOSE To compare near-infrared autofluorescence (NIR-AF) and short-wavelength (SW) AF in retinitis pigmentosa (RP) and assess their relationships to underlying retinal structure and visual function. METHODS SW-AF, NIR-AF, and spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) images were acquired from 31 patients (31 eyes) with RP and registered to(More)
PURPOSE To quantify fundus autofluorescence (qAF) in patients with recessive Stargardt disease (STGD1). METHODS A total of 42 STGD1 patients (ages: 7-52 years) with at least one confirmed disease-associated ABCA4 mutation were studied. Fundus AF images (488-nm excitation) were acquired with a confocal scanning laser ophthalmoscope equipped with an(More)
Genes that increase susceptibility to age-related macular degeneration (AMD) have been identified; however, since many individuals carrying these risk alleles do not develop disease, other contributors are involved. One additional factor, long implicated in the pathogenesis of AMD, is the lipofuscin of retinal pigment epithelium (RPE). The fluorophores that(More)
PURPOSE Quantitative fundus autofluorescence (qAF) and spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD OCT) were performed in patients with bull's-eye maculopathy (BEM) to identify phenotypic markers that can aid in the differentiation of ABCA4-associated and non-ABCA4-associated disease. DESIGN Prospective cross-sectional study at an academic referral(More)
PURPOSE We evaluated the incongruous observation whereby flecks in recessive Stargardt disease (STGD1) can exhibit increased short-wavelength autofluorescence (SW-AF) that originates from retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) lipofuscin, while near-infrared AF (NIR-AF), emitted primarily from RPE melanin, is usually reduced or absent at fleck positions. (More)
PURPOSE To describe pathologic changes of the external limiting membrane (ELM) in young patients with early-onset Stargardt (STGD1) disease. METHODS Twenty-six STGD1 patients aged younger than 20 years with confirmed disease-causing adenosine triphosphate-binding cassette, subfamily A, member 4 (ABCA4) alleles and 30 age-matched unaffected individuals(More)
PURPOSE Quantitative fundus autofluorescence (qAF), spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) segmentation, and multimodal imaging were performed to elucidate the pathogenesis of Best vitelliform macular dystrophy (BVMD) and to identify abnormalities in lesion versus nonlesion fundus areas. METHODS Sixteen patients with a clinical diagnosis of(More)
PURPOSE Our study was conducted to establish procedures and protocols for quantitative autofluorescence (qAF) measurements in mice, and to report changes in qAF, A2E bisretinoid concentration, and outer nuclear layer (ONL) thickness in mice of different genotypes and age. METHODS Fundus autofluorescence (AF) images (55° lens, 488 nm excitation) were(More)