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We here present an immunologic head-to-head comparison between human umbilical cord lining mesenchymal stem cells (clMSCs) and adult bone marrow MSCs (bmMSCs) from patients >65 years of age. clMSCs had significantly lower HLA class I expression, higher production of tolerogenic TGF-β and IL-10, and showed significantly faster proliferation. In vitro(More)
Inadequate left atrial cuff surrounding donor pulmonary veins may present a technical challenge for successful lung transplantation. A simple technique for construction of venous anastomoses during lung transplantation when donor atrial cuff is lacking involves circumferential incorporation of surrounding donor pericardium into the anastomosis without(More)
BACKGROUND Hemodynamically compromising rejection (HCR) is a major cause of mortality and morbidity after heart transplantation. Right ventricular (RV) function is a strong predictor of outcome in patients with heart failure and myocarditis. The objective of the current study is to determine whether RV dysfunction predicts event-free survival in patients(More)
BACKGROUND During the past 25 years, advances in immunosuppression and the use of selective anti-microbial prophylaxis have progressively reduced the risk of infection after heart transplantation. This study presents a historical perspective of the changing trends of infectious disease after heart transplantation. METHODS Infectious complications in 4(More)
OBJECTIVE Despite advances in stent technology for vascular interventions, in-stent restenosis (ISR) because of myointimal hyperplasia remains a major complication. APPROACH AND RESULTS We investigated the regulatory role of microRNAs in myointimal hyperplasia/ISR, using a humanized animal model in which balloon-injured human internal mammary arteries(More)
Among patients with end-stage lung disease awaiting lung transplantation, pediatric and small adult patients have a significantly lower chance of getting size-matched pulmonary grafts in time because of the severe scarcity of small donors. It is our strategy to perform lobar lung transplantations in small recipients with restrictive pulmonary disease once(More)
Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) has evolved into a feasible therapeutic option for the management of selected patients with severe aortic stenosis and high or prohibitive risk for standard surgery. Symptomatic severe aortic stenosis occasionally occurs in the allograft long after heart transplantation. Because of specific characteristics and(More)
BACKGROUND Although human embryonic stem cells (hESC) have enormous potential for cell replacement therapy of heart failure, immune rejection of hESC derivatives inevitably would occur after transplantation. We therefore aimed to generate a hypoantigeneic hESC line with improved survival characteristics. METHODS AND RESULTS Using various in vivo,(More)
BACKGROUND Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) show differentiation capacity along mesenchymal lineages and have the potential to aid tissue regeneration. MSC transplantation strategies are therefore currently being assessed following injury to various organs. However, potential MSC migration to these organs after intravenous (IV) MSC injection continues to be(More)
BACKGROUND Mesenchymal stem cell (MSC)-based regenerative strategies were investigated to treat acute myocardial infarction and improve left ventricular function. METHODS AND RESULTS Murine AMI was induced by coronary ligation with subsequent injection of MSCs, hepatocyte growth factor (HGF), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), or MSCs +HGF/VEGF(More)