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AIM We aimed to investigate the induction of long-term potentiation (LTP)-like plasticity by paired associative stimulation (PAS) in patients with high-functioning autism and Asperger syndrome (HFA/AS). METHOD PAS with an interstimulus interval between electrical and transcranial magnetic stimulation of 25 ms (PAS(25)) was performed in patients with(More)
In non-human primates, invasive tracing and electrostimulation studies have identified strong ipsilateral cortico-cortical connections between dorsal premotor- (PMd) and the primary motor cortex (M1(HAND) ). Here, we applied dual-site transcranial magnetic stimulation (dsTMS) to left PMd and M1(HAND) through specifically designed minicoils to selectively(More)
BACKGROUND Primary focal dystonia (PFD) is characterised by motor symptoms. Frequent co-occurrence of abnormal mental conditions has been mentioned for decades but is less well defined. In this study, prevalence rates of psychiatric disorders, personality disorders and traits in a large cohort of patients with PFD were evaluated. METHODS Prevalence rates(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the distribution and inter-limb interaction of short-latency afferent inhibition (SAI) in the arm and leg. METHODS Motor evoked potentials (MEPs) in distal and proximal arm, shoulder and leg muscles induced with ranscranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) were conditioned by painless electrical stimuli applied to the index finger (D2) and(More)
We investigated electrophysiological correlates of fatigue in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) was used to explore motor excitability in three groups of subjects: MS patients with fatigue (MS-F), MS patients without fatigue (MS-NF) and healthy control subjects. All participants had to perform a fatiguing(More)
We explored the aftereffects of two premotor 1 Hz rTMS sessions on motor cortex excitability in healthy humans. In experiment 1, 11 healthy right-handed volunteers received 20-min submotor threshold 1 Hz rTMS trains over the left premotor cortex on 2 consecutive days. Left motor cortex excitability was determined at baseline, immediately after, 30, 60, 120(More)
OBJECTIVE We investigated whether repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) applied to the right motor cortex modified the excitability of the unstimulated left motor cortex. METHODS Interhemispheric effects of 0.5 and 5 Hz subthreshold rTMS over the right motor cortex were examined by single pulse and paired pulse TMS and by transcranial(More)
Gilles de la Tourette syndrome is a neuropsychiatric disorder characterized by motor and phonic tics that can be considered motor responses to preceding inner urges. It has been shown that Tourette patients have inferior performance in some motor learning tasks and reduced synaptic plasticity induced by transcranial magnetic stimulation. However, it has not(More)
Humans imitate biological movements faster than non-biological movements. The faster response has been attributed to an activation of the human mirror neuron system, which is thought to match observation and execution of actions. However, it is unclear which cortical areas are responsible for this behavioural advantage. Also, little is known about the(More)
There is some evidence that handedness is related to lateralisation of excitability in the motor system. We investigated lateralisation of interhemispheric inhibition (IHI), motor thresholds and short interval intracortical inhibition (SICI) and facilitation (SICF) in relation to handedness in 12 right (RH) and 13 left handed (LH) subjects. Because there is(More)