Tobias Albrecht

Learn More
Transplantation of pancreatic progenitors or insulin-secreting cells derived from human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) has been proposed as a therapy for diabetes. We describe a seven-stage protocol that efficiently converts hESCs into insulin-producing cells. Stage (S) 7 cells expressed key markers of mature pancreatic beta cells, including MAFA, and(More)
Pancreatic adenocarcinoma is one of the most lethal cancers, yet it remains understudied and poorly understood. Hyperinsulinemia has been reported to be a risk factor of pancreatic cancer, and the rapid rise of hyperinsulinemia associated with obesity and type 2 diabetes foreshadows a rise in cancer incidence. However, the actions of insulin at the various(More)
Autocrine motility factor/ phosphoglucose isomerase (AMF/PGI) promotes cell survival by the pAkt survival pathway. Its receptor, gp78/AMFR, is an E3 ubiquitin ligase implicated in endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-associated protein degradation. We demonstrate here that AMF/PGI also protects against thapsigargin (TG)- and tunicamycin (TUN)-induced ER stress and(More)
Hyperglycemia can result from a relative or absolute lack of functional insulin secreted by the pancreatic β-cells. Prohormone processing enzymes play an essential role in the secretion of mature and fully functional insulin. Defects in insulin processing enzymes including prohormone convertases 1/3 and 2, and carboxypeptidase E (CPE) can lead to β-cell(More)
The production of inositol 1,4,5-triphosphate (IP 3) and 1,2-diacylglycerol (DG) as an early cellular response to human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) infection was investigated in human embryo lung (LU) cells. The results obtained show transient 85 and 30% increases in IP3 and DG, respectively, 20 min post-exposure to HCMV. Following heat inactivation or serum(More)
Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) stimulates arrested cells to enter the cell cycle by activating cyclin-dependent kinases (Cdks), notably Cdk2. Several mechanisms are involved in the activation of Cdk2. HCMV causes a substantial increase in the abundance of cyclin E and stimulates translocation of Cdk2 from the cytoplasm to the nucleus. Further, the abundance(More)
The contribution of expression of human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) immediate early (IE) genes to the rapid and transient increase in cellular (c)-oncogene (fos, jun, myc) transcription following HCMV infection was investigated. A partial temporal overlap was observed between the increases in c-oncogene RNA levels and the increase in either transcripts from HCMV(More)
The proteins that coordinate complex adipogenic transcriptional networks are poorly understood. 14-3-3ζ is a molecular adaptor protein that regulates insulin signalling and transcription factor networks. Here we report that 14-3-3ζ-knockout mice are strikingly lean from birth with specific reductions in visceral fat depots. Conversely, transgenic 14-3-3ζ(More)
Live cell imaging has revealed that calcium ions (Ca(2+)) pass in and out of many cellular organelles. However, technical hurdles have limited measurements of Ca(2+) in acidic organelles, such as endosomes. Although evidence hints that endosomes play a role in Ca(2+) signaling, direct measurements within endosomal lumina represent one of the final frontiers(More)