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OBJECT Operations on tumors of the posteromedial temporal (PMT) region, that is, on those arising from the posterior parahippocampal, fusiform, and lingual gyri, are challenging to perform because of the deep-seated location of these tumors between critical cisternal neurovascular structures and the adjacent temporal and occipital cortexes. Traditional(More)
INTRODUCTION Posterior fossa tumors are the most common brain tumor of children. Aggressive resection correlates with long-term survival. A high incidence of posterior fossa syndrome (PFS), impairing the quality of life in many survivors, has been attributed to damage to bilateral dentate nucleus or to cerebellar output pathways. Using diffusion tensor(More)
Supratentorial ependymomas and their anaplastic variants are relatively uncommon central nervous system neoplasms that afflict both adults and children. Whereas the treatment algorithm in the pediatric population is well established, however, treatment in the adult population is less defined. In our case series of three adult patients with supratentorial(More)
Understanding the genetic alterations that contribute to the development of different disease states is key to the ability to screen and treat patients afflicted with these diseases and may someday enable us to prevent their development. The high degree of morbidity and mortality associated with neurosurgical diseases makes this understanding particularly(More)
Cerebral cavernous malformations (CCMs) are common vascular lesions of the CNS that may lead to seizures, focal neurological deficits, and fatal hemorrhagic stroke. Human genetic studies have identified 3 genes associated with CCM, and biochemical and molecular studies in mice have elucidated signaling pathways with important therapeutic implications. In(More)
Chiari malformation Type I (CM-I) is associated with syndromic and nonsyndromic craniosynostosis in pediatric patients, and the surgical management of CM-I in such cases is controversial. Previous guidelines have recommended simultaneous cranial vault expansion and suboccipital decompression. However, spontaneous resolution of CM-I has been observed, and(More)
PURPOSE Osteosarcoma is the most common malignant bone tumor in children and adolescents. Brain metastasis from osteosarcoma was once uncommon; however, with the advent of chemotherapeutic agents and improved imaging modalities, it has become a more common and recognized finding. Brain metastases are, rarely, the initial presenting symptom, but instead are(More)
BACKGROUND Herpes simplex virus encephalitis (HSVE) is the most morbid clinical syndrome associated with the human herpes virus. Despite treatment with appropriate dosages of acyclovir, neurologic relapse of HSV infection have been reported after cranial surgery. Rarely, neurological deterioration due to postinfectious inflammatory response without(More)
Synovial cysts are uncommon pathological entities in patients with cervical degenerative spinal disease, and there are only a few reports in the literature. Treatment typically involves decompression; however, biomechanical data indicate that laminectomies in the cervical spine also result in cervical instability, specifically within the cervicothoracic(More)
Tailgut cysts are developmental cysts that arise from remnants of the embryonic postanal gut and are typically located within the presacral, retrorectal space. Isolated cases of aberrant locations, including prerectal, perirenal, perianal, retrovesical, and subcutaneous locations, have been reported. Malignant transformations with the presence of(More)