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Nociceptive nerves innervate the skin and play an important role in the generation of neuropathic pain. However, it remains elusive whether and how nociceptive nerve terminals degenerate in neuropathic pain conditions. To address this issue, we investigated cutaneous innervation in a model of painful mononeuropathy, the chronic constriction injury (CCI).(More)
Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) is traditionally considered to be a large-fibre neuropathy. However, the presence of hypo-aesthesia, dysaesthesia and dysautonomia in GBS patients raises the possibility that small-diameter sensory and autonomic nerves may also be affected. To investigate small-fibre neuropathy in GBS, we performed a skin biopsy from the distal(More)
Pathological diagnosis of neuropathy has traditionally depended on ultrastructural examinations of nerve biopsy specimens, particularly for sensory neuropathies affecting unmyelinated and small-myelinated nociceptive nerves. These sensory nerves terminate in the epidermis of the skin, and the pathology of neuropathy usually begins from nerve terminals. We(More)
Autonomic neuropathy affecting the gastrointestinal system is a major presentation of diabetic neuropathy. Changes in the innervation of gastric mucosa or muscle layers can contribute to gastrointestinal symptoms. The present study investigated this issue by quantitatively analyzing the immunohistochemical patterns of the gastric innervation in rats with(More)
Injury-induced neuropathic pain is related to changes in the central terminals of dorsal root ganglia neurons, i.e., dorsal horn plasticity. We investigated the influences of decompression by removing ligatures producing chronic constriction injury (CCI) in Sprague-Dawley rats at postoperative week (POW) 4, the decompression group; for comparison, all(More)
Decompression is an important therapeutic strategy to relieve neuropathic pain clinically; there is, however, lack of animal models to study its temporal course of neuropathic pain behaviors and its influence on nerve regeneration to sensory targets. To address these issues, we established a model of decompression on rats with chronic constriction injury(More)
To generate an experimental neuropathy model in which small-diameter sensory nerves are specifically affected and to test a potential treatment, adult mice were given a single injection (50 microg/kg, i.p.) of the capsaicin analog resiniferatoxin (RTX). On Day 7 after RTX treatment, there was a 53% reduction in unmyelinated nerve density in the medial(More)
The P/Q-type voltage-dependent calcium channel (Cav2.1) in the presynaptic membranes of motor nerve terminals plays an important role in regulating Ca2+ transport, resulting in transmitter release within the nervous system. The recovery of Ca2+-dependent signal transduction on motor end plates (MEPs) and innervated muscle may directly reflect nerve(More)
Nerve decompression is an important therapeutic strategy to relieve neuropathic pain and promote the peripheral nerve regeneration. To address these issues, we investigated the effects of nerve decompression on relief of neuropathic pain behaviors, redistribution of voltage-gated sodium channels (VGSCs), and skin reinnervation with chronic constriction(More)
Paclitaxel in chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN) is predominantly with a dose-limiting effect on neuropathic pain in clinical strategy. In the present study, the relationship between the neuropathic pain and nerve degeneration in paclitaxel CIPN was investigated. Adult male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were divided into three paclitaxel groups(More)