Learn More
The K-ras, p53, p16 and DPC4 genes are among those most frequently altered in pancreatic ductal carcinoma. We analyzed 22 cell lines for alterations in these genes by direct sequence analysis and methylation-specific polymerase chain reaction. These cell lines showed mutations in K-ras and p53 at frequencies of 91% and 95%, respectively. Alterations in(More)
CTGF is an immediate early growth responsive gene that has been shown to be a downstream mediator of TGFbeta actions in fibroblasts and vascular endothelial cells. In the present study hCTGF was isolated as immediate early target gene of EGF/TGFalpha in human pancreatic cancer cells by suppression hybridization. CTGF transcripts were found in 13/15(More)
The aim of this study was to examine the effects of transforming growth factor (TGF) beta1 on the phenotype and the biological behavior of pancreatic cancer cell lines with and without mutations in the TGF-beta signaling pathway and to elucidate whether the Ras signaling cascade participates in mediating these effects of TGF-beta1. TGF-beta-responsive(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Recently, several members of the claudin family have been identified as integral constituents of tight junctions. Using expression profiling, we previously found claudin-4 to be overexpressed in pancreatic cancer. Because claudin-4 has been described as a receptor for the cytotoxic Clostridium perfringens enterotoxin (CPE), we investigated(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Biglycan (PG-I), a component of the extracellular matrix (ECM), is overexpressed in pancreatic cancer. To determine possible matrix-tumor interactions, we investigated the effects of PG-I on pancreatic cancer. METHODS PG-I expression in cell lines and tissue samples was examined by Northern blot and immunofluorescence. The effect of PG-I(More)
We report the characterization of a novel serine protease of the chymotrypsin family, recently isolated by cDNA-representational difference analysis, as a gene overexpressed in pancreatic cancer. The 2.3-kb mRNA of the gene, named TMPRSS3, is strongly expressed in a subset of pancreatic cancer and various other cancer tissues, and its expression correlates(More)
In a recent study designed to identify chromosomal aberrations in pancreatic cancer tissues using comparative genomic hybridization, a high copy number amplification on 6q was detected. To identify the most likely candidate oncogene, the extension of the amplification in pancreatic cancer tissues and cell lines was determined by Southern blot analysis. Exon(More)
TGF-beta strongly promotes local tumor progression in advanced epithelial tumors, though the underlying mechanisms are poorly understood. In the present study, we demonstrate the potential of TGF-beta to increase the invasiveness of the pancreatic cancer cell lines PANC-1 and IMIM-PC1. TGF-beta-induced tumor cell invasion occurred in a time-dependent(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS The transcription factor CUX1 is known as a regulator of cell differentiation and cell cycle progression. Previously, CUX1 was identified as a modulator of invasiveness in various cancers. Based on expression profiles suggesting a role for CUX1 in mediating chemoresistance, the aim of this study was to characterise the effect of CUX1 on(More)
BACKGROUND/AIM Genomic imprinting is a chromosomal modification causing differential expression of maternal and paternal alleles. Loss of imprinting (LOI) of IGF-II and H19 has been suggested to be an early oncogenic event in cancerogenesis. Aim of the present study was to describe the status of IGF-II and H19 imprinting in adult human pancreatic tissues.(More)