Tjerk W. A. de Bruin

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Familial combined hyperlipidemia (FCHL) is a common familial lipid disorder characterized by a variable pattern of elevated levels of plasma cholesterol and/or triglycerides. It is present in 10%-20% of patients with premature coronary heart disease. The genetic etiology of the disease, including the number of genes involved and the magnitude of their(More)
To study whether vascular dysfunction in hypercholesterolaemia is reversible, we investigated patients without overt arterial disease who were taking maintenance treatment for hypercholesterolaemia. Medication was stopped for 2 weeks, reinstituted for 12 weeks, and again stopped for 6 weeks. During both maintenance treatment and the 12 weeks of step-up(More)
The APOLIPOPROTEIN (APO)A1/C3/A4/A5 gene cluster on chromosome 11 has been hypothesized to be a modifier of plasma triglycerides in FCH. In the present study, we extended previous association analyses of the gene cluster to include APOA5, a newly discovered member of the cluster. Eight SNPs across the APOA1/C3/A4/A5 gene region were analyzed in 78 FCH(More)
The apoAI-CIII-AIV gene cluster, located on chromosome 11, contributes to the phenotype of familial combined hyperlipidemia (FCH), but this contribution is genetically complex. Combinations of haplotypes, based on three restriction enzyme polymorphisms: XmnI and MspI sites, 5' of the start site of the apoA-I gene and SstI polymorphism in the 3' untranslated(More)
Familial combined hyperlipidemia (FCH), a common cause of premature coronary artery disease, is genetically complex and poorly understood. Recently, a major locus on chromosome 1q21-23 exhibiting highly significant linkage was identified in Finnish FCH families by use of a parametric analysis. We now report highly significant evidence of linkage (maximum(More)
The inbred HcB19 mouse strain expresses a truncated form of thioredoxin interacting protein and is phenotypically characterized by fatty liver and elevated plasma triglycerides and VLDL. Recently, these mice have been proposed as an animal model for familial combined hyperlipidemia. The aim of the present study was identification of hepatic proteins(More)
Familial combined hyperlipidemia (FCHL) is a common lipid disorder characterized by the presence of multiple lipoprotein phenotypes that increase the risk of premature coronary heart disease. In a previous study, we identified an intragenic microsatellite marker within the protocadherin 15 (PCDH15) gene to be associated with high triglycerides (TGs) in(More)
Linkage and association between the apolipoprotein (apo) A-I/C-III/A-IV gene region on chromosome 11 and familial combined hyperlipidemia (FCHL) has been observed previously. Using sequence analysis two new allelic variants were identified, C(317) -T in intron 2 of the apoA-I gene and C(1100)-T in exon 3 of the apoC-III gene. These variants were studied in(More)
Apolipoprotein A-II (apoA-II) is a major protein on high-density lipoprotein (HDL) particles, and in mice, its levels are associated with triglyceride and glucose metabolism. In particular, transgenic mice overexpressing apoA-II exhibit hypertriglyceridemia, increased body fat, and insulin resistance, whereas apoA-II-null mice have decreased triglycerides(More)
The aim of this study was to evaluate whether soluble factors in plasma of familial combined hyperlipidemia (FCHL) patients affect hepatic protein secretion. Cultured human hepatocytes, i.e., HepG2 cells, were incubated with fasting plasma (20%, v/v, in DMEM) from untreated FCHL patients or normolipidemic controls. Overall protein secretion was 10-15%(More)