Tjerk W. A. de Bruin

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OBJECTIVE Changing dietary and physical activity habits has the potential to postpone or prevent the development of type 2 diabetes. However, it needs to be assessed whether moderate interventions, in agreement with current guidelines for the general population, are effective. We evaluated the impact of a 2-year combined diet and physical activity(More)
The relationship between variations in the apoAI-CIII-AIV gene cluster and plasma lipid traits has been recognized for at least 15 years. Most studies have been focused upon the association between plasma triglycerides and a genetic variation present in the 3' untranslated region of the apoC-III gene (SstI polymorphism). Although not all studies showed(More)
Several genomewide screens have been performed to identify novel loci predisposing to unfavorable serum lipid levels and coronary heart disease (CHD). We hypothesized that the accumulating data of these screens in different study populations could be combined to verify which of the identified loci truly harbor susceptibility genes. The power of this(More)
Genes contributing to common forms of hypertension are largely unknown. A number of studies in humans and in animal models have revealed associations between insulin resistance, dyslipidemia, and elevated hypertension. To identify genes contributing to blood pressure (BP) variation associated with insulin-resistant dyslipidemia, we conducted a genome-wide(More)
AIMS Important risk factors for the progression from impaired glucose tolerance to type II diabetes mellitus are obesity, diet and physical inactivity. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of a lifestyle-intervention programme on glucose tolerance in Dutch subjects with impaired glucose tolerance (IGT). METHODS A total of 102 subjects were(More)
Familial combined hyperlipidemia (FCH) is a common genetic lipid disorder in Western societies. In a recent report (Dallinga-Thie, G.M., X.D. Bu, M. van Linde-Sibenius Trip, J.I. Rotter, A.J. Lusis, and T.W.A. de Bruin. J. Lipid Res., 1996, 36:136-147) we have studied three restriction enzyme polymorphisms: XmnI, and MspI sites 5' of the apo AI gene and(More)
The APOLIPOPROTEIN (APO)A1/C3/A4/A5 gene cluster on chromosome 11 has been hypothesized to be a modifier of plasma triglycerides in FCH. In the present study, we extended previous association analyses of the gene cluster to include APOA5, a newly discovered member of the cluster. Eight SNPs across the APOA1/C3/A4/A5 gene region were analyzed in 78 FCH(More)
The postprandial lipoprotein metabolism of two orally administered vitamin A-fat loads consisting of either 20% (wt:vol) soybean oil or 17% olive oil plus 3% soybean oil was studied in six normolipidemic young men according to a randomized crossover design. Mean (+/- SEM) retinyl palmitate concentrations (area under the 24-h curve) were higher in olive oil(More)
The study on lifestyle-intervention and impaired glucose tolerance Maastricht (SLIM) is a 3 years randomised clinical trial designed to evaluate the effect of a combined diet and physical activity intervention program on glucose tolerance in a Dutch population at increased risk for developing type 2 diabetes. Here the design of the lifestyle-intervention(More)
BACKGROUND The use of an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) has been recommended to diagnose type 2 diabetes, but an OGTT with venous blood sampling may not be feasible in the screening phase preceding large epidemiological studies. We have conducted a population-based screening in 2715 men and women and evaluated the diagnostic validity of capillary plasma(More)