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The elimination of two intravenously administered fat emulsions consisting of either 20% (wt:vol) soybean oil or 17% olive oil plus 3% soybean oil was studied in six normolipidemic young men according to a randomized crossover protocol. Slower elimination was found with the olive oil emulsion. A significantly lower maximal removal capacity (K1) and(More)
To establish whether insulin resistance and/or postprandial fatty acid metabolism might contribute to familial combined hyperlipidemia (FCH) we have examined parameters of insulin resistance and lipid metabolism in six FCH kindreds. Probands and relatives (n = 56) were divided into three tertiles on the basis of fasting plasma triglycerides (TG).(More)
Familial combined hyperlipidemia (FCHL) is a common familial lipid disorder characterized by a variable pattern of elevated levels of plasma cholesterol and/or triglycerides. It is present in 10%-20% of patients with premature coronary heart disease. The genetic etiology of the disease, including the number of genes involved and the magnitude of their(More)
OBJECTIVE To search for novel genes contributing to adiposity in familial combined hyperlipidemia (FCH), a disorder characterized by abdominal obesity, hyperlipidemia and insulin resistance, using a 10cM genome-wide scan. DESIGN Plasma leptin and soluble tumor necrosis factor receptor superfamily members 1A and 1B (sTNFRSF1A and sTNFRSF1B, also known as(More)
AIMS Important risk factors for the progression from impaired glucose tolerance to type II diabetes mellitus are obesity, diet and physical inactivity. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of a lifestyle-intervention programme on glucose tolerance in Dutch subjects with impaired glucose tolerance (IGT). METHODS A total of 102 subjects were(More)
AIMS The membrane-bound fatty acid transporter CD36/FAT may play a role in disturbed fatty acid handling as observed in the metabolic syndrome and Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Genetic variation in the CD36 gene may contribute to the aetiology of diabetes. METHODS A population-based cohort in the Netherlands [age > 40 years and body mass index (BMI) >(More)
OBJECTIVE Changing dietary and physical activity habits has the potential to postpone or prevent the development of type 2 diabetes. However, it needs to be assessed whether moderate interventions, in agreement with current guidelines for the general population, are effective. We evaluated the impact of a 2-year combined diet and physical activity(More)
Postprandial chylomicron remnant clearance was studied in six patients with familial combined hyperlipidemia (FCH) and seven control subjects by using an oral retinyl palmitate (RP) fat-loading test. The chylomicron remnant clearance (Sf < 1,000 fraction), expressed as the area under the RP curve (AUC-RP), was delayed in FCH subjects (65.05 +/- 12.84 hours(More)
The aim of the present study was to quantify intima-media thickness (IMT) in familial combined hyperlipidemia (FCHL) and to evaluate the relationship of IMT in FCHL-affected subjects with lipids and apolipoproteins, blood pressure values, and surrogate markers of insulin resistance. IMT was measured by ultrasound at the left and right common carotid(More)
Because remnants of triglyceride-rich lipoproteins (TRLP) are potentially atherogenic, the postprandial lipoprotein metabolism was studied in 12 normocholesterolemic, normotriglyceridemic women, aged 60 +/- 2 years, with angiographically proven coronary artery disease (CAD+; cholesterol 5.7 +/- 0.1 (S.E.) mmol/l, triglyceride 1.35 +/- 0.10 mmol/l) and in 12(More)