Tjerk W. A. de Bruin

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The APOLIPOPROTEIN (APO)A1/C3/A4/A5 gene cluster on chromosome 11 has been hypothesized to be a modifier of plasma triglycerides in FCH. In the present study, we extended previous association analyses of the gene cluster to include APOA5, a newly discovered member of the cluster. Eight SNPs across the APOA1/C3/A4/A5 gene region were analyzed in 78 FCH(More)
Familial combined hyperlipidemia (FCH), a common cause of premature coronary artery disease, is genetically complex and poorly understood. Recently, a major locus on chromosome 1q21-23 exhibiting highly significant linkage was identified in Finnish FCH families by use of a parametric analysis. We now report highly significant evidence of linkage (maximum(More)
The inbred HcB19 mouse strain expresses a truncated form of thioredoxin interacting protein and is phenotypically characterized by fatty liver and elevated plasma triglycerides and VLDL. Recently, these mice have been proposed as an animal model for familial combined hyperlipidemia. The aim of the present study was identification of hepatic proteins(More)
BACKGROUND Genetic dissection of complex diseases requires innovative approaches for identification of disease-predisposing genes. A well-known example of a human complex disease with a strong genetic component is Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM). METHODS We genotyped normal-glucose-tolerant subjects (NGT; n = 54), subjects with an impaired glucose(More)
OBJECTIVE Activating transcription factor 6 (ATF6) is a sensor of the endoplasmic reticulum stress response and regulates expression of several key lipogenic genes. We used a 2-stage design to investigate whether ATF6 polymorphisms are associated with lipids in subjects at increased risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD). METHODS AND RESULTS In stage 1, 13(More)
Familial combined hyperlipidemia (FCHL) is a common lipid disorder characterized by the presence of multiple lipoprotein phenotypes that increase the risk of premature coronary heart disease. In a previous study, we identified an intragenic microsatellite marker within the protocadherin 15 (PCDH15) gene to be associated with high triglycerides (TGs) in(More)
OBJECTIVE There is increasing physiological evidence in rodents connecting the neuropeptide galanin to triglyceride (TG) levels. We hypothesized that variation in the galanin preproprotein (GAL) gene may contribute to hypertriglyceridemia (HTG) in humans. METHODS AND RESULTS We investigated GAL as a TG candidate gene by genotyping 4 tagSNPs in Dutch,(More)
Apolipoprotein A-II (apoA-II) is a major protein on high-density lipoprotein (HDL) particles, and in mice, its levels are associated with triglyceride and glucose metabolism. In particular, transgenic mice overexpressing apoA-II exhibit hypertriglyceridemia, increased body fat, and insulin resistance, whereas apoA-II-null mice have decreased triglycerides(More)
The aim of this study was to evaluate whether soluble factors in plasma of familial combined hyperlipidemia (FCHL) patients affect hepatic protein secretion. Cultured human hepatocytes, i.e., HepG2 cells, were incubated with fasting plasma (20%, v/v, in DMEM) from untreated FCHL patients or normolipidemic controls. Overall protein secretion was 10-15%(More)
Familial combined hyperlipidemia (FCHL) shows many features of the metabolic syndrome. The strong genetic component makes it an excellent model to study the genetic background of metabolic syndrome and insulin resistance. Adipose tissue is believed to contribute to, or even underlie, the FCHL phenotype and is an interesting target tissue for gene expression(More)
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