Tjerk P. Straatsma

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on carbon. These particles can interact with the active sites of the carbon to form a species a t the metal-carbon interface which is stable against high-temperature reduction. This interaction may occur via oxygen atoms bonding with both the carbon surface and iron atoms contacting the carbon. This oxygen could be provided by dissociation of the C O(More)
a r t i c l e i n f o a b s t r a c t The latest release of NWChem delivers an open-source computational chemistry package with extensive capabilities for large scale simulations of chemical and biological systems. Utilizing a common computational framework, diverse theoretical descriptions can be used to provide the best solution for a given scientific(More)
The HIV-1 integrase, which is essential for viral replication, catalyzes the insertion of viral DNA into the host chromosome, thereby recruiting host cell machinery into making viral proteins. It represents the third main HIV enzyme target for inhibitor design, the first two being the reverse transcriptase and the protease. Two 1-ns molecular dynamics(More)
The enzyme acetylcholinesterase generates a strong electrostatic field that can attract the cationic substrate acetylcholine to the active site. However, the long and narrow active site gorge seems inconsistent with the enzyme's high catalytic rate. A molecular dynamics simulation of acetylcholinesterase in water reveals the transient opening of a short(More)
It is well established that the fully formed polymerase active site of the DNA repair enzyme, polymerase beta (pol beta), including two bound Mg2+ cations and the nucleoside triphosphate (dNTP) substrate, exists at only one point in the catalytic cycle just prior to the chemical nucleotidyl transfer step. The structure of the active conformation has been(More)
Two molecular dynamics simulations were performed for a modeled complex of mouse acetylcholinesterase liganded with huperzine A (HupA). Analysis of these simulations shows that HupA shifts in the active site toward Tyr 337 and Phe 338, and that several residues in the active site area reach out to make hydrogen bonds with the inhibitor. Rapid fluctuations(More)
The Ras family of GTPases is a collection of molecular switches that link receptors on the plasma membrane to signaling pathways that regulate cell proliferation and differentiation. The accessory GTPase-activating proteins (GAPs) negatively regulate the cell signaling by increasing the slow intrinsic GTP to GDP hydrolysis rate of Ras. Mutants of Ras are(More)
A detailed structural analysis has been performed of the outer bacterial membrane of Pseudomonas aeruginosa using a parameterized classical simulation model (R. D. Lins and T. P. Straatsma, Biophysical Journal, 2001, Vol. 81, pp. 1037-1046) with modest modifications. The structural analysis of the membrane is presented and newly discovered characteristics(More)
Molecular dynamics simulations have been used to characterize the structure of single chitin and chitosan chains in aqueous solutions. Chitin chains, whether isolated or in the form of a β-chitin nanoparticle, adopt the 2-fold helix with ϕ and φ values similar to its crystalline state. In solution, the intramolecular hydrogen bond HO3(n)···O5(n+1)(More)