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All living systems need nitrogen for the production of complex organic molecules, such as proteins, nucleic acids, vitamins, hormones and enzymes. Due to the intense use of synthetic nitrogen fertilisers and livestock manure in modern day agriculture, food (particularly vegetables) and drinking water may contain higher concentrations of nitrate than in the(More)
RATIONALE Delta(9)-Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is the main active constituent of cannabis. In recent years, the average THC content of some cannabis cigarettes has increased up to approximately 60 mg per cigarette (20% THC cigarettes). Acute cognitive and psychomotor effects of THC among recreational users after smoking cannabis cigarettes containing such(More)
Object representations in working memory depend on neural firing that is phase-locked to oscillations in the theta band (4-8 Hz). Cannabis intake disrupts synchronicity of theta oscillations and interferes with memory performance. Sixteen participants smoked cigarettes containing 0.0, 29.3, 49.1, or 69.4 mg Delta(9)-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) in a(More)
We studied the relationship of the prevalence of a variety of respiratory symptoms to positive skin test reactivity (skin test index greater than or equal to 3) and/or eosinophilia (greater than or equal to 275 eosinophilic cells per cubic millimeter of blood) in a community-based population sample (N = 2805), adjusting for age, gender, area of residence,(More)
INTRODUCTION No model exists to describe the disposition and kinetics of inhaled cannabis containing a high THC dose. We aimed to develop a kinetic model providing estimates of the THC serum concentrations after smoking cannabis cigarettes containing high THC doses (up to 69mg THC). METHODS Twenty-four male non-daily cannabis users smoked cannabis(More)
The association of age, gender, number of eosinophils, area of residence, cigarette smoking, respiratory symptom prevalence, and FEV1 with the level of bronchial responsiveness was studied in a random sample of 2,216 subjects aged 15 to 72 yr. Subjects participated in the Dutch longitudinal study on chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. In 18 yr of(More)
We have experimentally quantified exposure to dichloromethane during non-professional paint stripping and validated the mathematical paint exposure model of van Veen et al. (1999). The model innovates the prediction of the dichloromethane evaporation rate and room concentration by accounting for transport in the paint stripper matrix. The experiments show(More)
RATIONALE Delta9-Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is the main active constituent of cannabis. In recent years, the average THC content of some cannabis cigarettes has increased up to approximately 60 mg per cigarette (20% THC cigarettes). The pharmacokinetics of THC after smoking cannabis cigarettes containing more than approximately 35 mg THC (3.55% THC(More)
We studied the relationship of skin test reactivity (sumscore greater than or equal to 3) and eosinophilia (greater than or equal to 275 cells/mm3 blood), separately and combined, to the level of FEV1 in a community cohort. We used the regression analysis technique, adjusting for age and area of residence, and stratifying by gender and cigarette smoking.(More)
We examined the relationship of host factors (age, gender) and environmental determinants (smoking status, area of residence) to indicators of allergy (skin test reactivity and eosinophil count) in a random population sample in the Netherlands. Positive skin test reactivity was associated with age (decreasing with increasing age), with male gender (versus(More)