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BACKGROUND An improved light activated disinfection technique utilizing a specific photosensitizer formulation, liquid optical-conduit, oxygen-carrier and light energy of appropriate wavelength has been introduced recently. This study tested the efficacy of this improved light activated disinfection on ex vivo biofilms of Enterococcus faecalis at two(More)
In 1982, Malaysia experienced the worst dengue/dengue haemorrhagic fever outbreak in its history. All states in Peninsular and East Malaysia were similarly affected. There was a total of 3,005 cases with 35 deaths, with the majority of cases occurring between the months of July to October. There was a total of 1,001 laboratory confirmed cases. Most of the(More)
An epidemio-meteorotropic analytical study of Selangor, in the Southwest coast of Peninsular Malaysia, examines the monthly incidence of dengue for the period 1973-1982 to assess possible quantitative association with the monthly rainfall. The relationships between rainfall, abundance of A. aegypti and dengue infection during 1982 in Jinjang, a dengue-prone(More)
The first major Malaysian epidemic of dengue hemorrhagic fever with severe manifestations occurred in 1973, with 969 reported cases and 54 deaths. In a detailed study of 138 clinically diagnosed and laboratory confirmed cases at the General Hospital in Kuala Lumpur, hemorrhagic manifestations were observed in 68.7% and shock in 18.1% of the patients. The(More)
A micro ELISA assay was established to diagnose systemic poisoning for the rapid administration of specific antivenom. Rabbit anti venom IgG was bound to the solid phase to enable detection of venom from both the Malayan Pit Viper (Agkistrodon rhodostoma) and the Common Cobra (Naja naja). This assay is read visually and takes 35 to 45 minutes to perform. It(More)
UNLABELLED Genital Chlamydia trachomatis infection has long been recognised as the major cause of pelvic disease and subsequently infertility. The diagnosis of this infection has traditionally relied on tissue culture. The availability of DNA amplification methods like ligase chain reaction promises faster and more sensitive results. This study was(More)
Between November 1994 to May 1996, there was a total of eight ureteric injuries out of 2495 major gynaecologic operations and one ureteric injury out of 4146 caesarean sections at the Kandang Kerbau Hospital, giving the incidence to be 0.3% and 0.02% respectively. Antecedent operations were four abdominal hysterectomies, two Werthiem's hysterectomies, one(More)