Tjörvi E Perry

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AIMS Cardiac biomarkers are routinely elevated after uncomplicated cardiac surgery to levels considered diagnostic of myocardial infarction in ambulatory populations. We investigated the diagnostic power of electrocardiogram (ECG) and cardiac biomarker criteria to predict clinically relevant myocardial injury using benchmarks of mortality and increased(More)
BACKGROUND We have recently shown, in an animal model, that amniotic fluid can be a source of cells for fetal tissue engineering. This study was aimed at determining whether fetal tissue constructs could also be engineered from cells normally found in human amniotic fluid. STUDY DESIGN Cells obtained from the amniotic fluid of pregnant women at 15 to 19(More)
PURPOSE This study was aimed at determining whether fetal tissue constructs can be engineered from cells normally found in the amniotic fluid. METHODS A subpopulation of morphologically distinct cells was isolated mechanically from the amniotic fluid of pregnant ewes (n = 5) and expanded selectively. Its lineage was determined by immunofluorescent(More)
BACKGROUND Unfractionated heparin's primary mechanism of action is to enhance the enzymatic activity of antithrombin (AT). We hypothesized that there would be a direct association between preoperative AT activity and both heparin dose response (HDR) and heparin sensitivity index (HSI) in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery. METHODS(More)
BACKGROUND Heart-type fatty acid binding protein (hFABP) functions as a myocardial fatty acid transporter and is released into the circulation early after myocardial injury. We hypothesized that hFABP is superior to conventional cardiac biomarkers for predicting early perioperative myocardial injury after coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. (More)
BACKGROUND Recent genome-wide association studies have identified several chromosome 9p21 single nucleotide polymorphisms associated with coronary artery disease and myocardial infarction in nonsurgical populations. We have recently demonstrated an independent association between these 9p21 variants and perioperative myocardial injury after isolated primary(More)
BACKGROUND Low levels of antithrombin (AT) have been independently associated with prolonged intensive care unit stay and an increased incidence of neurologic and thromboembolic events after cardiac surgery. We hypothesized that perioperative AT activity is independently associated with postoperative major adverse cardiac events (MACEs) in patients(More)
PURPOSE This study was aimed at determining whether fetal tissue constructs can be engineered from cells derived from the placenta. METHODS A subpopulation of morphologically distinct cells was isolated mechanically from specimens of human placenta (n = 6) and selectively expanded. The lineage of these cells was determined by immunofluorescent staining(More)
Although atherosclerosis and valvular heart disease are among the leading causes of morbidity and mortality in developed nations, the substitute blood vessels and heart valves currently available all have significant limitations. During the past 10 years, a new field called tissue engineering has emerged, and several research groups are focusing their(More)
OBJECTIVE Approximately 10% of patients undergoing cardiac surgery have perioperative myocardial injury. A recent genome-wide association study identified an association between myocardial infarction in nonsurgical populations and common genetic variants on chromosome 9p21. We hypothesized that these variants are also associated with perioperative(More)