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INTRODUCTION The discovery that somatic mutations in the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) gene are associated with sensitivity to the EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) in lung adenocarcinomas, whereas Kras mutations are associated with resistance, has generated excitement among both clinicians and researchers studying non-small cell lung cancer(More)
Adenocarcinoma is becoming the most common histologic type of lung cancer in both sex. Although most cases are seen in smokers, it develops more frequently than other histologic types in individuals who have never smoked. This evidence suggests that other putative etiologic factors, such as sex hormones, need to be investigated. Several subtypes of lung(More)
Tissue microarray technology allows the immediate evaluation of molecular profiles of numerous different tissues, with savings of money and time. It was created for rapid, large-scale molecular studies, and the main concern regarding its possible broad acceptance is that the analysis of tissue microarrays instead of whole tissue sections may lead to false(More)
BACKGROUND Approximately 60% of meningiomas are associated with perilesional brain oedema. Several aspects have been evaluated in order to understand the pathophysiological mechanisms of oedema (age, sex of the patient, size and location of the tumour, histotype, grading), although at present they have yet to be completely clarified. We focused on pial(More)
PURPOSE The survival rate of non-small cell lung cancer patients is very low, and knowledge of predictors of outcome is inadequate. To improve the curability of lung cancer, we need to identify new specific molecules involved in tumorigenesis and progression. The purpose of this study was to better define the role of osteopontin in non-small cell lung(More)
It has been widely demonstrated that neo-angiogenesis and its mediators (i.e. vascular endothelial growth factor), represent useful indicators of poor prognosis in non small cell lung carcinoma. In order to verify whether neovascularization and vascular endothelial growth factor may be considered useful markers of clinical outcome also in the small cell(More)
Oncofetal fibronectin (onfFN) and galectin-3 (Gale-3) have been proposed as possible tools for the preoperative diagnosis of thyroid carcinomas, based on the finding that the expression of both onfFN and Gale-3 are significantly increased in papillary and anaplastic carcinomas, compared to normal thyroid tissues and follicular adenomas. In this study we(More)
BACKGROUND Distal embolization during primary percutaneous coronary interventions (PCIs) may affect myocardial reperfusion. We evaluated the prevalence and features of embolization during primary PCI and its relationship with clinical and angiographic variables. METHODS Forty-six consecutive patients with acute myocardial infarction underwent primary PCI(More)
Targeting the epidermal growth factor receptor has played a central role in advanced non-small cell lung cancer research, treatment, and patient outcomes over the last several years; however, a number of questions about this approach remain to be addressed. Through the Istituto Toscano Tumori and the Italian Association of Women Against Lung Cancer Project,(More)
PURPOSE The c-kit protein, also known as CD117, is a member of the type III receptor tyrosine kinase family. Kinase activity has been implicated in the pathophysiology of many tumors, including small-cell lung carcinoma (SCLC). Autocrine or paracrine activation of c-kit by its ligand has been postulated for lung cancer, but this receptor can also be(More)