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The prognostic value of breast cancer proliferative activity was evaluated in 385 women operated for primary, non-metastasised mammary carcinoma. Cell kinetics was measured using two immunohistochemical techniques. Cells in S-phase of cell cycle were labelled in vitro by incubation of fresh tissue fragments with 5-bromo 2-deoxyuridine (BrdU), a thymidine(More)
OBJECTIVE Conventional therapies are still unsuccessful in patients with carcinoma arising from the biliary tract. Somatic mutations of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) gene and the activation of its downstream pathways predict the sensitivity to small-molecule inhibitors in non-small cell lung carcinoma. Therefore, we analyzed EGFR mutations and(More)
OBJECTIVE Familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) is an interesting model for the study of colorectal tumour. Two genes contribute to the FAP phenotype - APC and MUTYH - but their relative role is still undefined. The objective of this study was to evaluate the contribution of the two genes to the pathogenesis of FAP by means of a series of FAP families. (More)
To identify gene expression changes in melanocytic lesions, biopsies from 18 common nevi (CMN), 11 dysplastic nevi (DN), 8 radial and 15 vertical growth phase melanomas (RGPM, VGPM), and 5 melanoma metastases (MTS) were analyzed using whole genome microarrays. The comparison between CMN and RGPM showed an enrichment of Gene Ontology terms related to inter(More)
p53 mutations are frequent in human breast cancer. In order to understand the role of p53 in the context of the accumulation of mutations in breast cancer, a model of non transformed mammary cells was sought. The HC11 cells are immortalized, non transformed rodent mammary epithelial cells which synthesize milk proteins following stimulation with lactogenic(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Inherited colorectal polyposis has been linked to constitutive mutations of the APC tumor suppressor gene. Recently, germline mutations in the base excision repair gene MYH have been associated with a recessively inherited form of the disease. The aim of this study was to evaluate germline mutation frequencies of both MYH and APC(More)
BACKGROUND A C-->A polymorphism within the CDH1 (E-cadherin) promoter seems to be associated with a reduced efficiency of gene transcription in vitro. Due to the crucial role of E-cadherin in epithelia, tissue-specific effect of C-->A change on CDH1 transcription was tested and a case-control study was performed on patients affected with epithelial tumors.(More)
PURPOSE Precancerous duodenal lesions in patients with familial adenomatous polyposis can be detected with duodenoscopy and treatment may prevent the development of cancer. We proposed to determine the frequency, natural history, cumulative risk, and risk factors of the precancerous duodenal lesions in a series of patients diagnosed in northern Italy. (More)
BRAF(V600E) mutation has been frequently reported in different types of melanocytic lesions, but its role in melanomagenesis is poorly understood, having been associated with either the proliferative-induced MAPK pathway activation or the acquisition of oncogene-driven senescence. The presence of BRAF alterations has been related to sun exposure, although(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS MYH-associated polyposis is a recently described, autosomal-recessive disease characterized by multiple colorectal adenomas and cancer. There are only few immunohistochemical studies of the MYH protein. We investigated the expression pattern of the MYH protein to evaluate whether a immunohistochemical approach could be used in clinical(More)