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Neuroblastoma (NB) is a phenotypically heterogeneous tumor, displaying cells of neuronal, melanocytic, or glial/schwannian lineage. This cellular heterogeneity is also present in vitro, where cells of neuroblastic (N)- or stromal (S)-type may be identified. Ligands of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARgamma) have been shown to inhibit(More)
Taxanes are an important new class of anticancer agents that inhibit cell division by the unique mechanism of increasing the rate of microtubule assembly and preventing microtubule depolymerisation. Using the colony inhibition assay, we compared the cytotoxicity of paclitaxel and docetaxel in three human neuroblastoma (NB) cell lines, SH-SY5Y, BE(2)M17 and(More)
Deregulated signaling through the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is involved in chemoresistance. To identify the molecular determinants of sensitivity to the EGFR inhibitor gefitinib (Iressa, ZD1839) in chemoresistance, we compared the response of matched chemosensitive and chemoresistant glioma and ovarian cancer cell lines. We found that(More)
The combination of 131I-meta-iodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) with chemotherapy has recently been employed in the treatment of advanced stage neuroblastoma with encouraging results. However, the mechanisms underlying the interaction between these two different modalities of treatment have not yet been explored. In this study, human neuroblastoma cell lines(More)
BBR3464 is a new platinum-based drug non cross-resistant with cisplatin. To characterise the cellular basis of BBR3464 cytotoxicity as opposed to cisplatin, we performed a comparative study of the two drugs in cisplatin-resistant neuroblastoma and astrocytoma cells. In both model systems, BBR3464 proved to be more potent than cisplatin and was able to(More)
Neprilysin (NEP, EP24.11), a metallopeptidase originally shown to modulate signalling events by degrading small regulatory peptides, is also an amyloid-beta- (Abeta) degrading enzyme. We investigated a possible role of NEP in inclusion body myositis (IBM) and other acquired and hereditary muscle disorders and found that in all myopathies NEP expression was(More)
The src homology 2 (SH2) domain-containing protein-tyrosine phosphatase SHP-2 has been implicated as an important positive regulator of several mitogenic signaling pathways. SHP-2 has more recently been shown to be tyrosine phosphorylated and recruited to the gp130 component of the ciliary neurotrophic factor (CNTF) receptor complex upon stimulation with(More)
Medulloblastoma (MB) is a malignant pediatric brain tumor arising in the cerebellum consisting of four distinct subgroups: WNT, SHH, Group 3 and Group 4, which exhibit different molecular phenotypes. We studied the expression of Dickkopf (DKK) 1-4 family genes, inhibitors of the Wnt signaling cascade, in MB by screening 355 expression profiles derived from(More)
[131I]metaiodobenzylguanidine ([131I]MIBG) is selectively taken up and stored by tumours derived from the neural crest, and is used for diagnosis and treatment of neuroblastoma (NB). The antitumoral effect of [131I]MIBG is closely related to the intracellular level of the radiopharmaceutical compound, which is dependent on uptake and storage/release(More)
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARgamma) is involved in the control of cell proliferation, apoptosis and differentiation in various tumor cells. Among PPARgamma ligands, 15-deoxy-Delta12,14-prostaglandin J2 (PGJ2), the ultimate metabolite of PGD2, plays a role in the biology of brain tumors. It is still unclear to which extent the(More)