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BACKGROUND To evaluate the safety of sperm washing and assisted reproduction technique (ART) outcome offered to serodiscordant couples with a human immunodeficiency virus-1 (HIV-1)-positive male. METHODS Sperm washing was performed and checked by RT-PCR on each semen sample before its fresh usage. Intrauterine insemination (IUI) or IFV/ICSI was offered(More)
BACKGROUND To determine the presence of human immunodeficiency virus-1 (HIV-1) viral RNA/DNA in whole semen, in properly isolated seminal fractions and in spermatozoa after swim-up, by extractive nested PCR and to compare the detection of HIV DNA by in situ PCR (IS-PCR) with the results of nested PCR. METHODS We tested HIV-1 RNA and DNA by nested PCR in(More)
The identification of hepatitis C virus (HCV) in semen remains controversial and that of hepatitis G virus (HGV) or GB virus C (GBV-C) has never been investigated. Serum and semen from 90 anti-HCV-positive drug users were tested (27 infected with HIV) for HCV and HGV/GBV-C RNAs by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay, hybridization, and sequence analysis.(More)
The distribution and kinetics of hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotypes and the prevalence of mixed infections were studied in a group of 45 French patients with haemophilia A or B or von Willebrand's disease, 21 of them being anti-human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) positive; genotyping was carried out by three methods based on the core, 5' untranslated region(More)
The cellular tropism of hepatitis C virus (HCV) is an important but much debated issue. Permissivity to HCV of biliary cells has never been demonstrated. In this context, we used gallbladder epithelial cells (GBEC) as a model of the more proximal biliary epithelium. These cells were isolated from HCV-positive and -negative individuals and cultured for up to(More)
A group of 76 consecutive human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive patients with fever of unknown origin (n = 52) or fever associated with pulmonary diseases was evaluated in order to assess the usefulness of PCR with peripheral blood in the diagnosis and follow-up of visceral leishmaniasis. We identified 10 cases of visceral leishmaniasis among the 52(More)
This was a retrospective study to evaluate the prevalence and impact of hepatitis G virus (HGV) infection in hepatitis C virus (HCV)-positive drug addicts, according to the serological status of hepatitis B virus (HBV) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) coinfection. Two hundred and thirty-five randomly selected intravenous drug addicted patients (147(More)
Maternal UPD of chromosome 7 is associated with pre- and postnatal growth retardation (IUGR, PNGR) and Silver-Russell syndrome (SRS [MIM 180860]). We report a case of IUGR in a newborn with SRS stigmata. Using combined haplotyping and cytogenetic-FISH studies we characterized the lymphocytes, umbilical cord and four placental cotyledons. The results are(More)