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A total of 143 adult acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients with available karyotype (K) and FLT3 gene mutational status were assessed for minimal residual disease (MRD) by flow cytometry. Twenty-two (16%) patients had favorable, 115 (80%) intermediate, and 6 (4%) poor risk K; 19 of 129 (15%) carried FLT3-ITD mutation. Considering postconsolidation MRD(More)
We compared genomic breakpoints at the PML and RARA loci in 23 patients with therapy-related acute promyelocytic leukemia (t-APL) and 25 de novo APL cases.Eighteen of 23 t-APL cases received the topoisomerase II poison mitoxantrone for their primary disorder. DNA breaks were clustered in a previously reported 8 bp "hot spot" region of PML corresponding to a(More)
Olaparib (AZD-2281, Ku-0059436) is an orally bioavailable and well-tolerated poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitor currently under investigation in patients with solid tumors. To study the clinical potential of olaparib as a single-agent for the treatment of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients, we analyzed the in vitro sensitivity of AML cell lines(More)
Therapy-related acute promyelocytic leukemia (t-APL) with t(15;17) translocation is a well-recognized complication of cancer treatment with agents targeting topoisomerase II. However, cases are emerging after mitoxantrone therapy for multiple sclerosis (MS). Analysis of 12 cases of mitoxantrone-related t-APL in MS patients revealed an altered distribution(More)
The translocation t(16;21) involving RUNX1 (AML1) and resulting in the RUNX1-CBFA2T3 fusion is a rare but recurrent abnormality mostly found in therapy-related acute myeloid leukemia (t-AML) associated with agents targeting topoisomerase II (topo II). We characterized, at the genomic level, the t(16;21) translocation in a patient who developed t-AML after(More)
The common beta chain subunit (beta(c)), also known as CDw131, shared by the interleukin-3 (IL-3), granulocytic macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) and IL-5 receptors, is required for high-affinity ligand binding and signal transduction. The present study explored the expression of CDw131 in 105 de novo cases of acute myeloid leukaemia (AML). The(More)
BACKGROUND Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in double-strand break repair genes may alter DNA repair capacity and, in turn, confer predisposition to leukemia. We analyzed polymorphic variants of DNA repair and detoxification genes in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) who developed secondary acute promyelocytic leukemia (sAPL), in most cases after(More)
Nucleophosmin-1 (NPM1) mutations represent the most frequent gene alteration in acute myeloid leukemia (AML). The most common NPM1 mutation type, accounting for 75 to 80% of cases, is referred to as mutation A (NPM1-mutA). These NPM1 alterations have been shown to possess prognostic significance because they appear to identify patients who will benefit from(More)
We present an investigation on theoretically possible protein structures which have not been selected by evolution and are, therefore, not present on our Earth ('Never Born Proteins' (NBP)). In particular, we attempt to assess whether and to what extent such polypeptides might be folded, thus acquiring a globular protein status. A library (ca. 10(9) clones)(More)
OBJECTIVE As a better understanding of the molecular basis of carcinogenesis has emerged, oncogene-specific cell-signaling pathways have been successfully targeted to treat human malignances. Despite impressive advances in oncogene-directed therapeutics, genetic instability in cancer cells often manifest acquired resistance. This is particularly noted in(More)