Tiziana Mazzullo

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BACKGROUND Nephrotoxicity, accelerated atherosclerosis, and graft vascular disease are common complications of cyclosporine long-term treatment characterized by a wide disruption of organ architecture with increased interstitial areas and accumulation of extracellular matrix (ECM). How cyclosporine induces these changes is not clear, but it is conceivable(More)
BACKGROUND The imbalance between synthesis and degradation of mesangial matrix causes glomerulosclerosis and leads to renal failure. Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) has been shown to reduce the progression in murine models of chronic renal failure. The present study evaluated the effect of HGF on the extracellular matrix turnover and on c-met receptor in(More)
BACKGROUND Aging is characterized by a decline in renal function and by a susceptibility to renal diseases. However it is not clear whether the observed changes are solely hemodynamic, structural or both. We evaluated renal function, functional reserve (RFR) and morphology in healthy elderly individuals. METHODS Healthy participants (n=19) were divided(More)
INTRODUCTION Although chronic cyclosporine toxicity is mainly characterized by tubular atrophy and interstitial fibrosis, glomerular injury with expansion of mesangial matrix and sclerosis is not uncommon. Tacrolimus is a newer calcineurin inhibitor that has been used in renal transplant recipients as primary or rescue therapy. Clinical trials suggest an(More)
BACKGROUND The imbalance between the synthesis and degradation of the mesangial matrix causes glomerulosclerosis and ultimately leads to chronic renal failure. HGF is a pleiotropic cytokine involved in angiogenesis, morphogenesis, organogenesis, and bone remodeling. Recently, we and other investigators have shown that HGF has a central role in the recovery(More)
BACKGROUND Tunnelled femoral catheters with their tip in the lower inferior vena cava (IVC) are proposed only in few cases, but they often provide less than optimal blood flows and frequently have complications. The aim of this prospective observational study is to evaluate the use of 70-cm-long tunnelled cuffed femoral twin Tesio catheters with their tip(More)
BACKGROUND The changes induced on endothelial cells by a long-term exposure to high glucose, a situation that mimics the hyperglycemia of diabetics, have not yet been determined. We compared short- and long-term effects of elevated glucose on macrovascular and microvascular endothelial cells. METHODS Endothelial cells were grown in high-glucose media for(More)
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