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Mutation S218L in the Ca(V)2.1 alpha(1) subunit of P/Q-type Ca(2+) channels produces a severe clinical phenotype in which typical attacks of familial hemiplegic migraine (FHM) triggered by minor head trauma are followed, after a lucid interval, by deep (even fatal) coma and long lasting severe cerebral edema. We investigated the functional consequences of(More)
Migraine is a common, disabling, multifactorial, episodic neurovascular disorder of unknown etiology. Familial hemiplegic migraine type 1 (FHM-1) is a Mendelian subtype of migraine with aura that is caused by missense mutations in the CACNA1A gene that encodes the alpha(1) subunit of neuronal Ca(v)2.1 Ca(2+) channels. We generated a knockin mouse model(More)
In the adult subventricular zone (SVZ), astroglial stem cells generate transit-amplifying precursors (TAPs). Both stem cells and TAPs form clones in response to epidermal growth factor (EGF). However, in vivo, in the absence of sustained EGF receptor (EGFR) activation, TAPs divide a few times before differentiating into neuroblasts. The lack of suitable(More)
Understanding precisely the functioning of voltage-gated Ca2+ channels and their modulation by signaling molecules will help clarifying the Ca(2+)-dependent mechanisms controlling exocytosis in chromaffin cells. In recent years, we have learned more about the various pathways through which Ca2+ channels can be up- or down-modulated by hormones and(More)
Voltage-gated Ca2+ channels are crucial to the control of Ca2+ entry in neurosecretory cells. In the chromaffin cells of adrenal medulla, paracrinally or autocrinally released neurotransmitters induce profound changes in Ca2+ channel gating and Ca2+-dependent events controlling catecholamine secretion and cell activity. The generally held view of these(More)
Signal-regulated changes in cell size affect cell division and survival and therefore are central to tissue morphogenesis and homeostasis. In this respect, GABA receptors (GABA(A)Rs) are of particular interest because allowing anions flow across the cell membrane modulates the osmolyte flux and the cell volume. Therefore, we have here investigated the(More)
Voltage-gated Ca(2+) channels of chromaffin cells are modulated by locally released neurotransmitters through autoreceptor-activated G-proteins. Clear evidence exists in favor of a Ca(2+) channel gating inhibition mediated by purinergic, opioidergic, and alpha-adrenergic autoreceptors. Few and contradictory data suggest also a role of beta-adrenergic(More)
Microglia (tissue-resident macrophages) represent the main cell type of the innate immune system in the CNS; however, the mechanisms that control the activation of microglia are widely unknown. We systematically explored microglial activation and functional microglia-neuron interactions in organotypic hippocampal slice cultures, i.e., postnatal cortical(More)
Mature macroglia and almost all neural progenitor types express γ-aminobutyric (GABA) A receptors (GABA(A)Rs), whose activation by ambient or synaptic GABA, leads to influx or efflux of chloride (Cl(-)) depending on its electro-chemical gradient (E(Cl)). Since the flux of Cl(-) is indissolubly associated to that of osmotically obliged water, GABA(A)Rs(More)
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