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BACKGROUND Patients undergoing liver transplantation for hepatocellular carcinoma within the Milan criteria (single tumour </=5 cm in size or </=3 tumours each </=3 cm in size, and no macrovascular invasion) have an excellent outcome. However, survival for patients with cancers that exceed these criteria remains unpredictable and access to transplantation(More)
The identification of lung tumor-initiating cells and associated markers may be useful for optimization of therapeutic approaches and for predictive and prognostic information in lung cancer patients. CD133, a surface glycoprotein linked to organ-specific stem cells, was described as a marker of cancer-initiating cells in different tumor types. Here, we(More)
UNLABELLED Yttrium-90 radioembolization (Y90RE) is a novel approach to radiation therapy for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), never tested in phase 2 studies. Fifty-two patients with intermediate (n.17) to advanced (n.35) HCC were prospectively recruited to assess, as the primary endpoint, efficacy of Y90RE on time-to-progression (TTP). Secondary endpoints(More)
OBJECTIVE Determine the histologic response-rate (complete versus partial tumor extinction) after single radiofrequency ablation (RFA) of small hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) arising in cirrhosis. Investigate possible predictors of response and assess efficacy and safety of RFA as a bridge to liver transplantation (OLT). BACKGROUND RFA has become the(More)
PURPOSE Cutaneous melanoma incidence is increasing. Most new cases are thin (≤ 1 mm) with favorable prognoses, but survival is nonetheless variable. Our aim was to investigate new prognostic factors and construct a nomogram for predicting survival in individual patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS Data from 2,243 patients with thin melanoma were retrieved from(More)
PURPOSE High endogenous testosterone is associated with increased breast cancer (BC) risk. We designed this study specifically to assess the long-term prognostic role of testosterone in a cohort of postmenopausal BC patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS We considered 194 postmenopausal women, operated on for early BC (T1-2N0M0), who never received chemotherapy(More)
PURPOSE Neither hormone-related nor genetics risk factors have been associated with the development of highly proliferative HER2-positive breast carcinomas. Because the majority of HER2-positive tumors present the amplification of the oncogene, we asked whether genomic instability triggered by irradiation might be involved in the induction of(More)
BACKGROUND We designed and assessed a new TNM staging system (herein called the INT [Istituto Nazionale Tumori] system) for thymic epithelial tumors in order to overcome the perceived drawbacks of Masaoka's system, which represents the current standard. METHODS In all, 123 cases were evaluated. The histologic types according to the World Health(More)
Background: Fenretinide, a vitamin A analogue, has been shown to inhibit breast carcinogenesis in preclinical studies. We determined the efficacy of fenretinide in preventing a second breast malignancy in women with breast cancer. Methods: We randomly assigned 2972 women, aged 30–70 years, with surgically removed stage I breast cancer or duc-tal carcinoma(More)