Tiziana Antonelli

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The effects of sarizotan, a 5-HT(1A) agonist with additional affinity for D(3) and D(4) receptors, have been studied on the corticostriatal glutamate pathways using dual-probe microdialysis in the awake rat. Sarizotan given systemically (0.1-10 mg/kg s.c.) or perfused into the motor cortex (10 microM) produced 20-30% reduction of cortical and striatal(More)
BACKGROUND As continuous wound instillation with local anaesthetic has not been evaluated after hip/knee arthroplasties, our study was designed to determine whether this technique could enhance analgesia and improve patient outcome after joint replacement surgery. METHODS Thirty-seven patients undergoing elective hip/knee arthroplasties under spinal block(More)
The effect of modafinil on endogenous gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) release in the medial preoptic area (MPA) and posterior hypothalamus (PH) and the role of local 5-HT3 receptors in this effect was investigated in the awake rat using in vivo microdialysis. Modafinil (30-100 mg/kg i.p.) dose-dependently decreased GABA release from the MPA, while only the(More)
The antinarcoleptic drug modafinil [(diphenyl-methyl)-sulfinyl-2-acetamide; Modiodal] dose-dependently inhibits the activity of GABA neurons in the cerebral cortex and in the nucleus accumbens, as well as in sleep-related brain areas such as the medial preoptic area and the posterior hypothalamus. This study examined the effects of modafinil (30-300 mg/kg,(More)
Experiments were performed to assess the neurotoxic effects induced by prenatal acute treatment with methylmercury on cortical neurons. To this purpose, primary neuronal cultures were obtained from cerebral cortex of neonatal rats born to dams treated with methylmercury (4 and 8 mg/kg by gavage) on gestational day 15, the developmental stage critical for(More)
Using mono and dualprobe(s) microdialysis in the basal ganglia of the freely moving rat evidence has been obtained that neurotensin (NT) in threshold concentrations can counteract the D2 agonist (intrastriatally perfused) induced inhibition of striatal dopamine (DA) release and of pallidal GABA release from the striato-pallidal GABA pathway, effects that(More)
The effects of modafinil on glutamatergic and GABAergic transmission in the rat medial preoptic area (MPA) and posterior hypothalamus (PH), are analysed. Modafinil (30–300 mg/kg) increased glutamate and decreased GABA levels in the MPA and PH. Local perfusion with the GABAA agonist muscimol (10 μM), reduced, while the GABAA antagonist bicuculline (1 μM and(More)
The effects of the anti-narcoleptic drug modafinil (30-300 mg/kg i.p.) on GABA and glutamate release were evaluated in the basal ganglia of the conscious rat, by using the microdialysis technique. Modafinil (100 mg/kg) inhibited striatal (85+/-4% of basal values) and pallidal (85+/-2%) GABA release without influencing local glutamate release. At the highest(More)
The effects of the cannabinoid receptor agonist WIN 55,212-2 (0.1-5 mg/kg i.p.) on endogenous extracellular gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) levels in the cerebral cortex of the awake rat was investigated by using microdialysis. WIN 55,212-2 (1 and 5 mg/kg i.p.) was associated with a concentration-dependent decrease in dialysate GABA levels (-16% +/- 4% and(More)