Learn More
A microbial fuel cell (MFC) is a bioreactor that converts chemical energy in the chemical bonds in organic compounds to electrical energy through catalytic reactions of microorganisms under anaerobic conditions. It has been known for many years that it is possible to generate electricity directly by using bacteria to break down organic substrates. The(More)
Supercritical CO(2) (SC-CO(2)), a green solvent suitable for a mobile lignocellulosic biomass processor, was used to pretreat corn stover and switchgrass at various temperatures and pressures. The CO(2) pressure was released as quickly as possible by opening a quick release valve during the pretreatment. The biomass was hydrolyzed after pretreatment using(More)
The extracellular protease activity of Aspergillus niger AB4.1[pgpdAGLAGFP]#11, a recombinant strain producing a glucoamylase (GLA)–green fluorescent protein (GFP) fusion protein, was investigated in a 15 l stirred tank reactor and accordingly a pH control strategy was designed to minimize protease activity and increase recombinant yield. By maintaining pH(More)
Static liquid culture of Ganoderma lucidum, a traditional Chinese medicinal mushroom, is a proven technology for producing ganoderic acids, which are secondary metabolites that possess antitumor properties. In this work, the addition of phenobarbital, a P450 inducer, was used to enhance the production of total and individual ganoderic acids in a two-stage(More)
Filamentous fungi have long been used for the production of metabolites and enzymes. With developments in genetic engineering and molecular biology, filamentous fungi have also achieved increased attention as hosts for recombinant DNA. However, the production levels of non-fungal proteins are usually low. Despite the achievements obtained using molecular(More)
A recombinant Bacillus subtilis strain (ATCC 31784) haboring the plasmid pC194 with a thermostable alpha-amylase gene was cultured in a 22-l B. Braun Biostat C fermenter. Traditional batch operations suffer from low cell mass and protein productions because a high initial glucose concentration causes substrate inhibition and also product inhibition due to(More)
CMP-N-acetylneuraminic acid:lactosylceramide (alpha 2-3) sialyltransferase (GM3-synthase) was purified to homogeneity from a Triton CF-54 extract of young rat brain. The enzyme was separated by affinity chromatography on CDP-Sepharose column and resolved by linear NaCl gradient elution from the same adsorbent. Final purification of GM3-synthase was achieved(More)
Many plant gums, such as gum arabic, contain hydroxyproline-rich glycoproteins (HRGPs), which are also abundant components of the plant cell extracellular matrix. Here we expressed in transgenic BY2 Nicotiana tabacum (tobacco) cells, a synthetic gene encoding a novel HRGP-based gum, designated gum arabic-8 or (GA)(8). (GA)(8) encoded eight repeats of the(More)
Beet molasses successfully replaced glucose as sole carbon source to produce poly-β-hydroxybutyrate by a recombinant Escherichia coli strain (HMS174/pTZ18u-PHB). The fermentation with molasses was cheaper than with glucose. The final dry cell weight, PHB content and PHB productivity were 39.5 g/L, 80% (w/w) and 1 g/Lh, respectively, in a 5 L stirred tank(More)
Biocorrosion is also known as microbiologically influenced corrosion (MIC). Most anaerobic MIC cases can be classified into two major types. Type I MIC involves non-oxygen oxidants such as sulfate and nitrate that require biocatalysis for their reduction in the cytoplasm of microbes such as sulfate reducing bacteria (SRB) and nitrate reducing bacteria(More)