Tingyou Li

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Epibatidine, an alkaloid isolated from skin of the poison frog, Epipedobates tricolor, has been shown to be a very potent analgesic with a non-opioid mechanism of action. We found that epibatidine was about 120 times more potent and has longer duration than nicotine in analgesia, which could be antagonized by pretreatment with mecamylamine. Furthermore,(More)
Anxiety disorders are highly prevalent psychiatric diseases. There is need for a deeper understanding of anxiety control mechanisms in the mammalian brain and for development of new anxiolytic agents. Here we report that the coupling between neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) and its carboxy-terminal PDZ ligand (CAPON) can serve as a target for(More)
The potent opioid [Dmt1]endomorphin-2 (Dmt-Pro-Phe-Phe-NH2) differentiated between the opioid receptor subtypes responsible for the antinociception elicited by endomorphin-2 in mice. Antinociception, induced by the intracerebroventricular administration of [Dmt1]endomorphin-2 and inhibited by various opioid receptor antagonists [naloxone, naltrindole,(More)
[Dmt1]Endomorphin-1 is a novel analogue of the potent mu-opioid agonist endomorphin-1. Given the physiological role of endomorphin-1 in vivo, this compound was investigated to determine if the antinociception occurred through systemic, supraspinal or in a combination of both neuronal pathways. This compound exhibited a potent dose-dependent effect(More)
[N-allyl-Dmt1]-endomorphin-1 and -2 ([N-allyl-Dmt1]-EM-1 and -2) are new selective micro-opioid receptor antagonists obtained by N-alkylation with an allyl group on the amino terminus of 2',6'-dimethyl-L-tyrosine (Dmt) derivatives. To further characterize properties of these compounds, their intrinsic activities were assessed by functional guanosine(More)
N-Allylation (-CH(2)-CHCH(2)) of [Dmt(1)]endomorphins yielded the following: (i) [N-allyl-Dmt(1)]endomorphin-2 (Dmt=2',6'-dimethyl-l-tyrosine) (12) and [N-allyl-Dmt(1)]endomorphin-1 (15) (K(i)mu=0.45 and 0.26nM, respectively) became mu-antagonists (pA(2)=8.59 and 8.18, respectively) with weak delta-antagonism (pA(2)=6.32 and 7.32, respectively); (ii)(More)
To test the hypothesis that intracellular cAMP has a regulatory role in cardiac slow channel function, intracellular pressure injections of cAMP and adenylate cyclase activators, Gpp(NH)p and cholera toxin, were carried out. Guinea pig papillary muscles were depolarized to about -45 mV by superfusion with 22 mM K+-Tyrode's solution to inactivate the fast(More)
The effects of four Ca antagonists, bepridil, diltiazem, nifedipine, and verapamil, on slow channels were studied in cultured cell reaggregates prepared from 14-day-old chick embryonic hearts. The cell membrane was partially depolarized to about -45 mV by using 22 mM KCl to inactivate the fast Na+ channels. Slow action potentials were induced by 10(-6) M(More)
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