Tingyou Li

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Epibatidine, an alkaloid isolated from skin of the poison frog, Epipedobates tricolor, has been shown to be a very potent analgesic with a non-opioid mechanism of action. We found that epibatidine was about 120 times more potent and has longer duration than nicotine in analgesia, which could be antagonized by pretreatment with mecamylamine. Furthermore,(More)
The potent opioid [Dmt1]endomorphin-2 (Dmt-Pro-Phe-Phe-NH2) differentiated between the opioid receptor subtypes responsible for the antinociception elicited by endomorphin-2 in mice. Antinociception, induced by the intracerebroventricular administration of [Dmt1]endomorphin-2 and inhibited by various opioid receptor antagonists [naloxone, naltrindole,(More)
[Dmt1]Endomorphin-1 is a novel analogue of the potent mu-opioid agonist endomorphin-1. Given the physiological role of endomorphin-1 in vivo, this compound was investigated to determine if the antinociception occurred through systemic, supraspinal or in a combination of both neuronal pathways. This compound exhibited a potent dose-dependent effect(More)
[N-allyl-Dmt1]-endomorphin-1 and -2 ([N-allyl-Dmt1]-EM-1 and -2) are new selective micro-opioid receptor antagonists obtained by N-alkylation with an allyl group on the amino terminus of 2',6'-dimethyl-L-tyrosine (Dmt) derivatives. To further characterize properties of these compounds, their intrinsic activities were assessed by functional guanosine(More)
N-Allylation (-CH(2)-CHCH(2)) of [Dmt(1)]endomorphins yielded the following: (i) [N-allyl-Dmt(1)]endomorphin-2 (Dmt=2',6'-dimethyl-l-tyrosine) (12) and [N-allyl-Dmt(1)]endomorphin-1 (15) (K(i)mu=0.45 and 0.26nM, respectively) became mu-antagonists (pA(2)=8.59 and 8.18, respectively) with weak delta-antagonism (pA(2)=6.32 and 7.32, respectively); (ii)(More)
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