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a r t i c l e i n f o a b s t r a c t To estimate the future development of one technology and make decisions whether to invest in it or not, one needs to know the current stage of its technology life cycle (TLC). The dominant approach to analysing TLC uses the S-curve to observe patent applications over time. But using the patent application counts alone(More)
The supply chain is a dynamic and integrated system in which all enterprises are integrated to obtain optimization of the whole chain. Integration is a process of redefining and connecting parts of a whole in order to form a new one. In traditional supply chain integration, the definitions of parts are usually limited by the boundary of the enterprises: the(More)
We explore pilot web-based methods to probe the strategies followed by new small and medium-sized technology-based firms as they seek to commercialize emerging technologies. Tracking and understanding the behavior of such early commercial entrants is not straightforward because smaller firms with limited resources do not always widely engage in readily(More)
We devise a multi-level framework to support and systematically identify technological opportunity. Patent data as a product of technology innovation is used to implement opportunity analysis under the framework. At the research and development level, we anticipate the directions of technology development based on technology morphology. Countries'(More)
A new mathematical descriptor was proposed based on 3D graphical representation. Using the method, we construct the phylogenetic trees of nine proteins of H7N9 influenza virus to analyze the originated source of H7N9. The results show that the evolution route of H7N9 avian influenza is from America through Europe to Asia. Furthermore, two samples collected(More)
In a deregulated environment of the power market, in order to lower their energy price and guarantee the stability of the power network, appropriate transmission lines have to be considered for electricity generators to sell their energy to the end users. This paper proposes a game-theoretic power transmission scheduling for multiple generators to lower(More)