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BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE Adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs) are mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) that can be extracted from adipose tissue and obtained by a less invasive method and in larger quantities compared with bone marrow-derived MSCs. The objective of this study was to harvest ADSCs from piglets and to explore their neuronal differentiation potential. (More)
To restrict pathogen entry, plants close stomata as an integral part of innate immunity. To counteract this defense, Pseudomonas syringae pv tomato produces coronatine (COR), which mimics jasmonic acid (JA), to reopen stomata for bacterial entry. It is believed that abscisic acid (ABA) plays a central role in regulating bacteria-triggered stomatal closure(More)
The primary cilium is a sensory organelle, defects in which cause a wide range of human diseases including retinal degeneration, polycystic kidney disease and birth defects. The sensory functions of cilia require specific receptors to be targeted to the ciliary subdomain of the plasma membrane. Arf4 has been proposed to sort cargo destined for the cilium at(More)
We have recently isolated tirandamycin (TAM) B from Streptomyces sp. 17944 as a Brugia malayi AsnRS (BmAsnRS) inhibitor that efficiently kills the adult B. malayi parasites and does not exhibit general cytotoxicity to human hepatic cells. We now report (i) the comparison of metabolite profiles of S. sp. 17944 in six different media, (ii) identification of a(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play an important role in the development and progression of endometrial carcinoma (EC). Recently, several studies have shown that microRNA-124 (miR-124) is downregulated in various cancers, which can affect tumor initiation and maintenance. However, the effects of miR-124 on EC are largely unknown. In this study, we identified the(More)
Cytochrome b5 reductase 2 (CYB5R2), a member of the flavoprotein pyridine nucleotide cytochrome reductase family, is associated with a number of physiological reactions. However, its role in cancer, especially nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC), has not been addressed. Here, we investigate the transcript levels and promoter methylation status of CYB5R2 in NPC(More)
INTRODUCTION Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is a well-recognised complication in infants of diabetic mothers and is attributed to a compensatory increase in fetal insulin secretion. Infants with congenital hyperinsulinism have excessive prenatal and postnatal insulin secretion due to defects in pathways of insulin secretion (most commonly the KATP(More)
The hepatitis B virus (HBV) posttranscriptional regulatory element (HPRE) has been demonstrated to facilitate the cytoplasmic localization of unspliced transcripts. One cellular protein, glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH), is known to combine with this element. However, its function on HPRE remains unclear. Here, we show that recombinant GAPDH(More)
A gene cluster (pol) essential for the biosynthesis of polyoxin, a nucleoside antibiotic widely used for the control of phytopathogenic fungi, was cloned from Streptomyces cacaoi. A 46,066-bp region was sequenced, and 20 of 39 of the putative open reading frames were defined as necessary for polyoxin biosynthesis as evidenced by its production in a(More)
The mpd gene coding for a novel methyl parathion hydrolase (MPH) was previously reported and its putative open reading frame was also identified. To further confirm its coding region, the intact region encoding MPH was obtained by PCR and expressed in Escherichia coli as a hexa-His C-terminal fusion protein. The fusion protein was purified to homogeneity by(More)